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Gold vs Silver

Gold Metal
Silver Metal
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Periodic Table

Symbol
Au
Ag

Group Number
11
7
11
7
📊

Period Number
6
5
📊

Block
d block
d block
📊

Element Family
Transition Metal
Transition Metal
📊

CAS Number
7440575
31
7440224
99+

Space Group Name
Fm_ 3m
Fm_ 3m

Space Group Number
225.00
2
225.00
2
📊

Facts

Interesting Facts
  • It is found in copper ores and from the crust of the earth.
  • It is the most malleable and ductile metal.
  • Gold alloys are used in Dentistry as fillings, crowning, clips, etc. It is also used as an artificial limb joints.
  • It is the most reflective element.
  • Silver is the second most ductile metal after Gold.
  • It is also used in Dentistry as a dental alloys for clips and crowning.

Sources
Earth's crust, Mining, Ores of metals
Earth's crust, Found in Minerals, Ores of metals

History

Discovery
Before 6000 BCE
Before 5000 BC

Abundance

Abundance In Universe
0.00 %
26
0.00 %
26
📊

Abundance In Sun
0.00 %
27
0.00 %
27
📊

Abundance In Meteorites
0.00 %
99+
0.00 %
38
📊

Abundance In Earth's Crust
0.00 %
99+
0.00 %
99+
📊

Abundance In Oceans
0.00 %
21
0.00 %
19
📊

Abundance In Humans
0.00 %
18
Not Available
📊

Uses

Uses & Benefits
  • Gold metal is mainly used for Jewelry, bullion, coinage, etc.
  • It is used in the art, decoration, ornaments, etc. It is also used for electroplating process.
  • Silver is mainly used for Jewelry and show piece.
  • It is used for manufacturing high quality mirrors due to its reflectivity property.

Industrial Uses
Chemical Industry, Clothing Industry, Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
Chemical Industry, Clothing Industry, Electrical Industry

Medical Uses
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Industry
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Industry

Other Uses
Alloys, Bullion, Coinage, Jewellery, Sculptures, Statues
Alloys, Bullion, Coinage, Jewellery, Sculptures, Statues

Biological Properties

Toxicity
Non Toxic
Non Toxic
📊

Present in Human Body
📊

In Blood
0.00 Blood/mg dm-3
35
0.00 Blood/mg dm-3
29

In Bone
0.02 p.p.m.
30
0.44 p.p.m.
20

Physical Properties

Melting Point
1,064.43 °C
99+
961.93 °C
99+
📊

Boiling Point
2,807.00 °C
36
2,212.00 °C
99+
📊

Appearance

Physical State
Solid
Solid
📊

Color
Gold
Silvery White

Luster
Metallic
Metallic
📊

Hardness

Mohs Hardness
2.50
14
2.50
14
📊

Brinell Hardness
194.00 MPa
99+
251.00 MPa
37
📊

Vickers Hardness
216.00 MPa
31
229.00 MPa
30
📊

Speed of Sound
2,030.00 m/s
99+
2,680.00 m/s
34
📊

Optical Properties

Reflectivity
95.00 %
2
97.00 %
1
📊

Allotropes

α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available

β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available

γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available

Chemical Properties

Chemical Formula
Au
Ag

Isotopes

Known Isotopes
36
3
36
3
📊

Electronegativity

Pauling Electronegativity
2.54
1
1.93
9
📊

Sanderson Electronegativity
Not Available
1.83
11
📊

Allred Rochow Electronegativity
1.42
18
1.42
18
📊

Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
1.87
7
1.47
15
📊

Allen Electronegativity
1.92
5
1.87
7
📊

Electropositivity

Pauling Electropositivity
1.46
99+
2.07
99+
📊

Ionization Energies

1st Energy Level
890.10 kJ/mol
8
731.00 kJ/mol
27
📊

2nd Energy Level
1,980.00 kJ/mol
12
2,070.00 kJ/mol
11
📊

3rd Energy Level
Not Available
3,361.00 kJ/mol
19
📊

Electrochemical Equivalent
2.45 g/amp-hr
21
4.02 g/amp-hr
7
📊

Electron Work Function
5.10 eV
4
4.26 eV
20
📊

Other Chemical Properties
Chemical Stability, Ionization, Solubility
Chemical Stability, Ionization, Solubility

Atomic Properties

Atomic Number
79
37
47
99+
📊

Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
[Kr] 4d10 5s1

Crystal Structure
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
📊

Crystal Lattice
FCC-Crystal-Structure-of-Gold.jpg#100
FCC-Crystal-Structure-of-Silver.jpg#100

Atom

Number of Protons
79
37
47
99+
📊

Number of Neutrons
118
24
61
99+
📊

Number of Electrons
79
37
47
99+
📊

Radius of an Atom

Atomic Radius
151.00 pm
32
144.00 pm
36
📊

Covalent Radius
144.00 pm
40
145.00 pm
39
📊

Van der Waals Radius
166.00 pm
39
172.00 pm
38
📊

Atomic Weight
196.97 amu
33
107.87 amu
99+
📊

Atomic Volume
10.20 cm3/mol
99+
10.30 cm3/mol
99+
📊

Adjacent Atomic Numbers

Previous Element

Next Element

Valence Electron Potential
43.40 (-eV)
99+
11.40 (-eV)
99+
📊

Lattice Constant
407.82 pm
21
408.53 pm
20
📊

Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
π/2, π/2, π/2

Lattice C/A Ratio
1.61
4
Not Available
📊

Mechanical Properties

Density

Density At Room Temperature
19.30 g/cm3
15
10.49 g/cm3
35
📊

Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
17.31 g/cm3
6
9.32 g/cm3
21
📊

Tensile Strength
120.00 MPa
15
Not Available
📊

Viscosity
Not Available
Not Available
📊

Vapor Pressure

Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
0.00 (Pa)
23
0.00 (Pa)
14
📊

Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
67.00 (Pa)
4
Not Available
📊

Elasticity properties

Shear Modulus
27.00 GPa
27
30.00 GPa
23
📊

Bulk Modulus
180.00 GPa
9
100.00 GPa
16
📊

Young's Modulus
79.00 GPa
24
83.00 GPa
23
📊

Poisson Ratio
0.40
4
0.37
7
📊

Other Mechanical Properties
Ductile, Malleable
Ductile, Malleable

Magnetic Properties

Magnetic Characteristics

Specific Gravity
19.32
8
10.50
26
📊

Magnetic Ordering
Diamagnetic
Diamagnetic
📊

Susceptibility
Not Available
0.00
5
📊

Electrical Properties

Electrical Property
Conductor
Conductor
📊

Resistivity
2.20 nΩ·m
99+
15.87 nΩ·m
99+
📊

Electrical Conductivity
0.45 106/cm Ω
3
0.63 106/cm Ω
1
📊

Electron Affinity
222.80 kJ/mol
1
125.60 kJ/mol
5
📊

Thermal Properties

Specific Heat
0.13 J/(kg K)
39
0.24 J/(kg K)
25
📊

Molar Heat Capacity
25.42 J/mol·K
40
25.35 J/mol·K
99+
📊

Thermal Conductivity
318.00 W/m·K
3
429.00 W/m·K
1
📊

Critical Temperature
Not Available
Not Available

Thermal Expansion
14.20 µm/(m·K)
26
18.90 µm/(m·K)
23
📊

Enthalpy

Enthalpy of Vaporization
324.40 kJ/mol
27
255.10 kJ/mol
37
📊

Enthalpy of Fusion
12.55 kJ/mol
27
11.30 kJ/mol
31
📊

Enthalpy of Atomization
364.00 kJ/mol
25
284.50 kJ/mol
37
📊

Standard Molar Entropy
47.40 J/mol.K
32
42.60 J/mol.K
35
📊

Compare Gold vs Silver

Compare Gold vs Silver on the basis of their different properties and periodic table facts. Differences between metals exist on the grounds of their chemical, atomic, electromagnetic properties and biological uses. These dissimilarities should be well known while you study these metals. We provide you with detailed Gold (Au) vs Silver (Ag) comparison furnishing most reliable information about their properties, distinguishing facts, uses, etc. Their periodic table facts help you explore a plethora of information about their electronegativities, oxidation potentials, atomic shells and orbitals, physical states, electrical conductivity and so on.

Compare Properties of Gold vs Silver

In this section, we are going to compare properties of Gold vs Silver. The physical and chemical properties are two significant parameters which define the dissimilarities during their comparison. The Chemical Properties of Gold and Silver are more related to their inner characteristics and atomic structure. Physical Properties of Gold and Silver are generally related to their outer superficial properties and appearance. At room temperature, Gold is a Gold colored Solid which posess Metallic luster and on the other hand Silver is a Gold colored Solid which posess Metallic lustours metal. Atomic number of Gold and Silver are 79 and 47 whereas their respective atomic symbols/icons are Au and Ag. Density of Gold and Silver at room temperature are 19.30 g/cm3 and 10.49 g/cm3.

Modern Periodic Table of Elements

Modern Periodic Table of Elements
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og

History of Gold vs Silver

History of Gold vs Silver includes information about their origin & discovery. Wondering who discovered both these metals and when? Gold Metal was discovered by Unknown Before 6000 BCE whereas Silver Metal was discovered by Unknown Before 5000 BC. Discovery dates of most of the metals are predicted, since the exact date and origin of metals is not known.