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Palladium vs Platinum

swap <> Platinum vs Palladium
Periodic Table

Symbol
Pd
Pt

Group Number
10
8
10
8
📊

Period Number
5
6
📊

Block
d block
d block
📊

Element Family
Transition Metal
Transition Metal
📊

CAS Number
7440053
99+
7440064
99+

Space Group Name
Fm_ 3m
Fm_ 3m

Space Group Number
225.00
2
225.00
2
📊

Facts

Interesting Facts
  • Palladium alloys are used for Jewelry contains (95% Palladium and 5% Ruthenium)
  • In the late 1800s, Palladium metal used have more economical value than the Platinum metal.
  • Palladium element is known as a good catalyst
  • Platinum is the rarest metal from the Precious metal categories..
  • Commercially Platinum is produced as a byproduct in ores of nickel.

Sources
Ores of metals
Mining, Ores of metals, Ores of Minerals

History

Who Discovered
William Hyde Wollaston
Antonio de Ulloa

Discovery
In 1803
In 1735

Abundance

Abundance In Universe
0.00 %
22
0.00 %
19
📊

Abundance In Sun
0.00 %
25
0.00 %
20
📊

Abundance In Meteorites
0.00 %
99+
0.00 %
25
📊

Abundance In Earth's Crust
0.00 %
99+
0.00 %
99+
📊

Uses

Uses & Benefits
  • Mostly palladium metal is used in catalytic converters. In electronic industry it is used in ceramic capacitors of mobile and computer.
  • It is used in jewellery and dental fillings and crowns.
  • Platinum metal is mainly used in jewellery.
  • Platinum is used as an industrial catalyst in production of nitric acid, silicone and benzene.

Industrial Uses
Aerospace Industry, Automobile Industry, Electronic Industry
Aerospace Industry, Chemical Industry

Medical Uses
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Industry, Surgical Instruments Manufacturing
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Industry, Surgical Instruments Manufacturing

Other Uses
Coinage, Bullion, Jewellery
Alloys, Bullion, Coinage, Jewellery, Sculptures, Statues

Biological Properties

Toxicity
Toxic
Non Toxic
📊

Present in Human Body
📊

Physical Properties

Melting Point
1,554.90 °C
22
1,772.00 °C
16
📊

Boiling Point
2,963.00 °C
33
3,827.00 °C
15
📊

Appearance

Physical State
Solid
Solid
📊

Color
Silver
Silvery White

Luster
Metallic
Metallic
📊

Hardness

Mohs Hardness
4.75
9
3.50
11
📊

Brinell Hardness
320.00 MPa
33
300.00 MPa
34
📊

Vickers Hardness
121.00 MPa
36
400.00 MPa
25
📊

Speed of Sound
3,070.00 m/s
26
2,800.00 m/s
29
📊

Optical Properties

Refractive Index
1.72
1
Not Available
📊

Reflectivity
84.00 %
4
73.00 %
8
📊

Allotropes

α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available

β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available

γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available

Chemical Properties

Chemical Formula
Pd
Pt

Isotopes

Known Isotopes
38
1
35
4
📊

Electronegativity

Pauling Electronegativity
2.20
4
2.28
3
📊

Allred Rochow Electronegativity
1.35
21
1.44
17
📊

Allen Electronegativity
1.59
22
1.72
16
📊

Electropositivity

Pauling Electropositivity
1.80
99+
1.72
99+
📊

Ionization Energies

1st Energy Level
520.23 kJ/mol
99+
870.00 kJ/mol
10
📊

2nd Energy Level
7,298.22 kJ/mol
2
1,791.00 kJ/mol
21
📊

3rd Energy Level
11,815.13 kJ/mol
3
Not Available
📊

Electrochemical Equivalent
1.99 g/amp-hr
30
1.82 g/amp-hr
35
📊

Electron Work Function
5.12 eV
3
5.65 eV
1
📊

Other Chemical Properties
Chemical Stability, Corrosion, Ionization, Solubility
Chemical Stability, Anti Corrosion, Ionization

Atomic Properties

Atomic Number
46
99+
78
38
📊

Electron Configuration
[Kr] 4d10
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1

Crystal Structure
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
📊

Crystal Lattice
FCC-Crystal-Structure-of-Palladium.jpg#100
FCC-Crystal-Structure-of-Platinum.jpg#100

Atom

Number of Protons
46
99+
78
38
📊

Number of Neutrons
60
99+
117
25
📊

Number of Electrons
46
99+
78
38
📊

Radius of an Atom

Atomic Radius
137.00 pm
40
139.00 pm
39
📊

Covalent Radius
139.00 pm
99+
136.00 pm
99+
📊

Van der Waals Radius
163.00 pm
40
175.00 pm
36
📊

Atomic Weight
106.42 amu
99+
47.87 amu
99+
📊

Atomic Volume
8.90 cm3/mol
99+
9.09 cm3/mol
99+
📊

Adjacent Atomic Numbers

Previous Element

Next Element

Valence Electron Potential
33.00 (-eV)
99+
392.42 (-eV)
1
📊

Lattice Constant
389.07 pm
25
392.42 pm
24
📊

Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
π/2, π/2, π/2

Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available
Not Available
📊

Mechanical Properties

Density

Density At Room Temperature
12.02 g/cm3
29
21.45 g/cm3
11
📊

Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
10.38 g/cm3
17
19.77 g/cm3
2
📊

Tensile Strength
Not Available
125.00 MPa
14
📊

Viscosity
Not Available
Not Available
📊

Vapor Pressure

Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
0.00 (Pa)
27
Not Available
📊

Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
0.00 (Pa)
30
0.07 (Pa)
18
📊

Elasticity properties

Shear Modulus
44.00 GPa
17
61.00 GPa
14
📊

Bulk Modulus
180.00 GPa
9
230.00 GPa
6
📊

Young's Modulus
121.00 GPa
16
168.00 GPa
14
📊

Poisson Ratio
0.39
5
0.38
6
📊

Other Mechanical Properties
Ductile, Malleable, Weldable
Ductile, Malleable

Magnetic Properties

Magnetic Characteristics

Specific Gravity
12.02
21
21.45
4
📊

Magnetic Ordering
Diamagnetic
Paramagnetic
📊

Permeability
Not Available
0.00 H/m
3
📊

Electrical Properties

Electrical Property
Conductor
Conductor
📊

Resistivity
105.40 nΩ·m
29
105.00 nΩ·m
30
📊

Electrical Conductivity
0.10 106/cm Ω
22
0.10 106/cm Ω
21
📊

Electron Affinity
54.23 kJ/mol
17
205.30 kJ/mol
2
📊

Thermal Properties

Specific Heat
0.24 J/(kg K)
23
0.13 J/(kg K)
39
📊

Molar Heat Capacity
25.98 J/mol·K
33
25.86 J/mol·K
35
📊

Thermal Conductivity
71.80 W/m·K
23
71.60 W/m·K
24
📊

Critical Temperature
Not Available
Not Available

Thermal Expansion
11.80 µm/(m·K)
33
8.80 µm/(m·K)
99+
📊

Enthalpy

Enthalpy of Vaporization
376.60 kJ/mol
19
510.50 kJ/mol
11
📊

Enthalpy of Fusion
16.74 kJ/mol
18
19.70 kJ/mol
12
📊

Enthalpy of Atomization
393.30 kJ/mol
22
565.00 kJ/mol
11
📊

Standard Molar Entropy
37.60 J/mol.K
40
41.60 J/mol.K
36
📊

Compare Palladium vs Platinum

Compare Palladium vs Platinum on the basis of their different properties and periodic table facts. Differences between metals exist on the grounds of their chemical, atomic, electromagnetic properties and biological uses. These dissimilarities should be well known while you study these metals. We provide you with detailed Palladium (Pd) vs Platinum (Pt) comparison furnishing most reliable information about their properties, distinguishing facts, uses, etc. Their periodic table facts help you explore a plethora of information about their electronegativities, oxidation potentials, atomic shells and orbitals, physical states, electrical conductivity and so on.

Compare Properties of Palladium vs Platinum

In this section, we are going to compare properties of Palladium vs Platinum. The physical and chemical properties are two significant parameters which define the dissimilarities during their comparison. The Chemical Properties of Palladium and Platinum are more related to their inner characteristics and atomic structure. Physical Properties of Palladium and Platinum are generally related to their outer superficial properties and appearance. At room temperature, Palladium is a Silver colored Solid which posess Metallic luster and on the other hand Platinum is a Silver colored Solid which posess Metallic lustours metal. Atomic number of Palladium and Platinum are 46 and 78 whereas their respective atomic symbols/icons are Pd and Pt. Density of Palladium and Platinum at room temperature are 12.02 g/cm3 and 21.45 g/cm3.

Modern Periodic Table of Elements

Modern Periodic Table of Elements
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og

History of Palladium vs Platinum

History of Palladium vs Platinum includes information about their origin & discovery. Wondering who discovered both these metals and when? Palladium Metal was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston In 1803 whereas Platinum Metal was discovered by Antonio de Ulloa In 1735. Discovery dates of most of the metals are predicted, since the exact date and origin of metals is not known.