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Physical Properties of Bismuth

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Physical Properties of Bismuth

Melting Point
271.30 °C
70
📊

Boiling Point
1,560.00 °C
57
📊

Appearance of Bismuth

Physical State
Solid
📊

Color
Silver

Luster
Metallic
📊

Hardness of Bismuth

Mohs Hardness
2.25
📊

Brinell Hardness
70.00 MPa
📊

Vickers Hardness
Not Available
📊

Speed of Sound
1,790.00 m/s
46
📊

Optical Properties

Refractive Index
Not Available
📊

Reflectivity
Not Available
📊

Allotropes

α Allotropes
Not Available

β Allotropes
Not Available

γ Allotropes
Not Available

Bismuth Physical Properties

These properties are defined majorly by observations or with a measuring instrument and are referred as surface or physical properties. Bismuth physical properties are one of the most important properties of this metal. Physical properties of Bismuth include melting point, boiling point, mechanical strength, optical properties and its appearance. We have tried to include all physical and Chemical Properties of Bismuth metal here.

Melting Point of Bismuth

The melting point is a fundamental parameter that constitutes the physical properties of Bismuth. Melting point of Bismuth is the temperature at which it changes from its solid state to a liquid state, at constant atmospheric conditions. Generally, the term 'melting point' and 'freezing point' are used interchangeably, depending on the state change. Simplifying, if the metal is heated from its solid state to a liquid state by supplying heat, melting point is referred, while during cooling (heat removal) when the metal turns solid from its liquid state the term freezing point is used. Bismuth's melting point is 271.30 °C.

Boiling Point of Bismuth

Boiling point of Bismuth is the temperature at which it changes from a liquid state into vapors at constant atmospheric pressure. Bismuth boiling point is 1,560.00 °C. Interestingly, there are few parameters that can alter this behavior. Have you ever surprisingly noticed why water boils sooner at your trek base camps, where the altitude is few thousand meters above the sea level? It is because, the boiling point is generally influenced by factors like altitude, pressure, molecule size and the concentration. Those phenomena are covered under the Bismuth. Bismuth melting point & its boiling point are two very prominent aspects of its physical properties. Speed of Sound of Bismuth is 1,790.00 m/s

Bismuth Element Appearance

The appearance is the primary consideration when it comes to making sculptures and designs. Physical properties of Bismuth also include Bismuth Element appearance which means how this metal appears at room temperature. Few metals are lustrous while few others are not. Few metals have shiny silver/metalic color, few others are reddish brown while few have a yellowish gloss. All these factors explain the overall look of the metal surface. Bismuth metal at room temperature is in Solid state and has Silver with Metallic luster and finish of the outer surface. Knowing further, the physical properties also affect the Atomic Structure of Bismuth.

Optical properties and Hardness of Bismuth (Bi)

Optical properties and hardness of Bismuth (Bi) include phenomenon such as refractive index, reflectivity, different hardness scales. Refractive index of Bismuth is Not Available. Hardness of Bismuth is its ability to resist compression force applied externally. Hardness of Bismuth metal according to Mohs Hardness, Brinell Hardness and Vickers Hardness is 2.25, 70.00 MPa and Not Available respectively. All these characteristics of Bismuth are also called as the physical properties of Bismuth.