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Physical Properties of Mercury

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Nihonium
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Physical Properties of Mercury

Melting Point
-38.87 °C
82
📊

Boiling Point
356.58 °C
78
📊

Appearance of Mercury

Physical State
Liquid
📊

Color
Silver

Luster
NA
📊

Hardness of Mercury

Mohs Hardness
Not Available
📊

Brinell Hardness
Not Available
📊

Vickers Hardness
Not Available
📊

Speed of Sound
1,451.40 m/s
49
📊

Optical Properties

Refractive Index
1.00
3
📊

Reflectivity
73.00 %
8
📊

Allotropes

α Allotropes
Not Available

β Allotropes
Not Available

γ Allotropes
Not Available

Mercury Physical Properties

These properties are defined majorly by observations or with a measuring instrument and are referred as surface or physical properties. Mercury physical properties are one of the most important properties of this metal. Physical properties of Mercury include melting point, boiling point, mechanical strength, optical properties and its appearance. We have tried to include all physical and Chemical Properties of Mercury metal here.

Melting Point of Mercury

The melting point is a fundamental parameter that constitutes the physical properties of Mercury. Melting point of Mercury is the temperature at which it changes from its solid state to a liquid state, at constant atmospheric conditions. Generally, the term 'melting point' and 'freezing point' are used interchangeably, depending on the state change. Simplifying, if the metal is heated from its solid state to a liquid state by supplying heat, melting point is referred, while during cooling (heat removal) when the metal turns solid from its liquid state the term freezing point is used. Mercury's melting point is -38.87 °C.

Boiling Point of Mercury

Boiling point of Mercury is the temperature at which it changes from a liquid state into vapors at constant atmospheric pressure. Mercury boiling point is 356.58 °C. Interestingly, there are few parameters that can alter this behavior. Have you ever surprisingly noticed why water boils sooner at your trek base camps, where the altitude is few thousand meters above the sea level? It is because, the boiling point is generally influenced by factors like altitude, pressure, molecule size and the concentration. Those phenomena are covered under the Mercury. Mercury melting point & its boiling point are two very prominent aspects of its physical properties. Speed of Sound of Mercury is 1,451.40 m/s

Mercury Element Appearance

The appearance is the primary consideration when it comes to making sculptures and designs. Physical properties of Mercury also include Mercury Element appearance which means how this metal appears at room temperature. Few metals are lustrous while few others are not. Few metals have shiny silver/metalic color, few others are reddish brown while few have a yellowish gloss. All these factors explain the overall look of the metal surface. Mercury metal at room temperature is in Liquid state and has Silver with NA luster and finish of the outer surface. Knowing further, the physical properties also affect the Atomic Structure of Mercury.

Optical properties and Hardness of Mercury (Hg)

Optical properties and hardness of Mercury (Hg) include phenomenon such as refractive index, reflectivity, different hardness scales. Refractive index of Mercury is 1.00 and its reflectivity is 73.00 %. Hardness of Mercury is its ability to resist compression force applied externally. All these characteristics of Mercury are also called as the physical properties of Mercury.