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Properties of Gold and Silver

swap <> Properties of Silver & Gold
Physical Properties

Melting Point
1,064.43 °C
99+
961.93 °C
99+
📊

Boiling Point
2,807.00 °C
36
2,212.00 °C
99+
📊

Hardness

Mohs Hardness
2.50
14
2.50
14
📊

Brinell Hardness
194.00 MPa
99+
251.00 MPa
37
📊

Vickers Hardness
216.00 MPa
31
229.00 MPa
30
📊

Optical Properties

Refractive Index
Not Available
Not Available
📊

Reflectivity
95.00 %
2
97.00 %
1
📊

Speed of Sound
2,030.00 m/s
99+
2,680.00 m/s
34
📊

Allotropes

α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available

β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available

γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available

Chemical Properties

Chemical Formula
Au
Ag

Isotopes

Known Isotopes
36
3
36
3
📊

Electronegativity

Pauling Electronegativity
2.54
1
1.93
9
📊

Sanderson Electronegativity
Not Available
1.83
11
📊

Allred Rochow Electronegativity
1.42
18
1.42
18
📊

Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
1.87
7
1.47
15
📊

Allen Electronegativity
1.92
5
1.87
7
📊

Electropositivity

Pauling Electropositivity
1.46
99+
2.07
99+
📊

Ionization Energies

1st Energy Level
890.10 kJ/mol
8
731.00 kJ/mol
27
📊

2nd Energy Level
1,980.00 kJ/mol
12
2,070.00 kJ/mol
11
📊

3rd Energy Level
Not Available
3,361.00 kJ/mol
19
📊

Electrochemical Equivalent
2.45 g/amp-hr
21
4.02 g/amp-hr
7
📊

Electron Work Function
5.10 eV
4
4.26 eV
20
📊

Other Chemical Properties
?
Stable metals are non radioactive metals and have zero valence electrons in the outer shell.Chemical Stability, 
?
Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization, 
?
Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent.Solubility
?
Stable metals are non radioactive metals and have zero valence electrons in the outer shell.Chemical Stability, 
?
Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization, 
?
Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent.Solubility

Mechanical Properties

Density

Density At Room Temperature
19.30 g/cm3
15
10.49 g/cm3
35
📊

Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
17.31 g/cm3
6
9.32 g/cm3
21
📊

Vapor Pressure

Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
0.00 (Pa)
23
0.00 (Pa)
14
📊

Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
67.00 (Pa)
4
Not Available
📊

Tensile Strength
120.00 MPa
15
Not Available
📊

Viscosity
Not Available
Not Available
📊

Elasticity properties

Shear Modulus
27.00 GPa
27
30.00 GPa
23
📊

Bulk Modulus
180.00 GPa
9
100.00 GPa
16
📊

Young's Modulus
79.00 GPa
24
83.00 GPa
23
📊

Poisson Ratio
0.40
4
0.37
7
📊

Other Mechanical Properties
?
Ductility of metals defines their ability to deform under tensile stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to be stretched into a wire.Ductile, 
?
Malleability of metals defines their ability to deform under compressive stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or rolling.Malleable
?
Ductility of metals defines their ability to deform under tensile stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to be stretched into a wire.Ductile, 
?
Malleability of metals defines their ability to deform under compressive stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or rolling.Malleable

Periodic Table

Symbol
Au
Ag

Group Number
11
7
11
7
📊

Period Number
6
5
📊

Block
?
The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
?
The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
📊

Element Family
?
What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
?
What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
📊

Atomic Properties

Atomic Number
79
37
47
99+
📊

Atomic Weight
196.97 amu
33
107.87 amu
99+
📊

Atomic Volume
10.20 cm3/mol
99+
10.30 cm3/mol
99+
📊

Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
[Kr] 4d10 5s1

Valence Electron Potential
43.40 (-eV)
99+
11.40 (-eV)
99+
📊

Atom

Number of Protons
79
37
47
99+
📊

Number of Neutrons
118
24
61
99+
📊

Number of Electrons
79
37
47
99+
📊

Crystal Structure
?
In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
?
In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
📊

Crystal Lattice
FCC-Crystal-Structure-of-Gold.jpg#100
FCC-Crystal-Structure-of-Silver.jpg#100

Radius of an Atom

Atomic Radius
151.00 pm
32
144.00 pm
36
📊

Covalent Radius
144.00 pm
40
145.00 pm
39
📊

Van der Waals Radius
166.00 pm
39
172.00 pm
38
📊

Lattice Constant
407.82 pm
21
408.53 pm
20
📊

Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
π/2, π/2, π/2

Lattice C/A Ratio
1.61
4
Not Available
📊

Adjacent Atomic Numbers

Next Element

Previous Element

Magnetic Properties

Electrical Properties

Resistivity
2.20 nΩ·m
99+
15.87 nΩ·m
99+
📊

Electrical Conductivity
0.45 106/cm Ω
3
0.63 106/cm Ω
1
📊

Electron Affinity
222.80 kJ/mol
1
125.60 kJ/mol
5
📊

Electrical Property
?
Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
?
Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
📊

Magnetic Characteristics

Specific Gravity
19.32
8
10.50
26
📊

Magnetic Ordering
?
Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
?
Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
📊

Permeability
Not Available
Not Available
📊

Susceptibility
Not Available
0.00
5
📊

Thermal Properties

Specific Heat
0.13 J/(kg K)
39
0.24 J/(kg K)
25
📊

Thermal Conductivity
318.00 W/m·K
3
429.00 W/m·K
1
📊

Critical Temperature
Not Available
Not Available

Molar Heat Capacity
25.42 J/mol·K
40
25.35 J/mol·K
99+
📊

Thermal Expansion
14.20 µm/(m·K)
26
18.90 µm/(m·K)
23
📊

Standard Molar Entropy
47.40 J/mol.K
32
42.60 J/mol.K
35
📊

Enthalpy

Enthalpy of Vaporization
324.40 kJ/mol
27
255.10 kJ/mol
37
📊

Enthalpy of Fusion
12.55 kJ/mol
27
11.30 kJ/mol
31
📊

Enthalpy of Atomization
364.00 kJ/mol
25
284.50 kJ/mol
37
📊

Compare Properties of Periodic Table

Compare Properties of Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og

Characteristics of Gold and Silver

Different properties of Gold and Silver are explained here with the help of their physical characteristics, chemical characteristics, optical characteristics, magnetic characteristics, thermal characteristics, electrical characteristics, mechanical characteristics and atomic characteristics. Apart from their characteristics, you can explore Facts About Gold and Silver. Gold belongs to Transition Metals whereas Silver belongs to Transition Metal. All these characteristics of Gold and Silver are explained below.

Compare Properties of Gold and Silver

Compare properties of Gold and Silver on the basis of their various characteristics & significance. Melting point of Gold is 1,064.43 °C whereas Silver's is 961.93 °C. At room temperature, the density of Gold is 19.30 g/cm3 and for Silver, it's 10.49 g/cm3. Refractive index of 1st metal is Not Available whereas 2nd is Not Available.

Other properties of Gold and Silver include its thermal, magnetic and electrical properties. Values for electrical resistivity are 2.20 nΩ·m for Gold and 15.87 nΩ·m for Silver. The electrical conductivity of former metal is 0.45 106/cm Ω and of latter is 0.63 106/cm Ω.