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What is Tin?

Tin Metal Crystal Structure of Tin
Tin

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Nihonium
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Tennessine
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Tin In Periodic Table

Symbol
Sn

Group Number
14
4
📊

Period Number
5
📊

Block
p block
📊

Element Family
Post-​Transition
📊

CAS Number
7440315
50

Space Group Name
I41/amd

Space Group Number
141.00
7
📊

Facts about Tin

Interesting Facts
  • In the list of most abundant element Tin is ranked 49th.
  • Tin metal does not react with water as well as does not corrode in it.

Sources
Found in Minerals, Mining

History of Tin

Who Discovered
Unknown

Discovery
Before 3500 BC

Abundance of Tin

Abundance In Universe
0.00 %
20
📊

Abundance In Sun
0.00 %
20
📊

Abundance In Meteorites
0.00 %
24
📊

Abundance In Earth's Crust
0.00 %
34
📊

Abundance In Oceans
0.00 %
26
📊

Abundance In Humans
0.00 %
13
📊

Uses of Tin

Uses & Benefits
  • Tin-niobium alloy is used for producing superconducting magnets.
  • Tin salt known as a tin II chloride, it is used as a mordant and as a reducing agent for dyeing calico and silk.

Industrial Uses
Automobile Industry, Chemical Industry, Food Industry

Medical Uses
Dentistry

Other Uses
NA

Biological Properties

Toxicity
Non Toxic
📊

Present in Human Body
📊

In Blood
0.38 Blood/mg dm-3
10

In Bone
1.40 p.p.m.
16

Physical Properties of Tin

Melting Point
231.90 °C
72
📊

Boiling Point
2,270.00 °C
48
📊

Appearance of Tin

Physical State
Solid
📊

Color
Silvery White

Luster
NA
📊

Hardness of Tin

Mohs Hardness
1.50
18
📊

Brinell Hardness
50.00 MPa
48
📊

Vickers Hardness
Not Available
📊

Speed of Sound
2,730.00 m/s
32
📊

Optical Properties

Refractive Index
Not Available
📊

Reflectivity
Not Available
📊

Allotropes

α Allotropes
Grey Tin (alpha Tin, Tin Pest)

β Allotropes
White Tin (Beta Tin)

γ Allotropes
Rhombic Tin (gamma Tin)

Chemical Properties of Tin

Chemical Formula
Sn

Isotopes of Tin

Known Isotopes
35
4
📊

Electronegativity

Pauling Electronegativity
1.96
8
📊

Sanderson Electronegativity
1.49
15
📊

Allred Rochow Electronegativity
1.72
4
📊

Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
2.21
3
📊

Allen Electronegativity
1.82
11
📊

Electropositivity

Pauling Electropositivity
2.04
45
📊

Ionization Energies

1st Energy Level
708.60 kJ/mol
33
📊

2nd Energy Level
1,411.80 kJ/mol
48
📊

3rd Energy Level
2,943.00 kJ/mol
30
📊

4th Energy Level
3,930.30 kJ/mol
41
📊

5th Energy Level
7,456.00 kJ/mol
13
📊

6th Energy Level
Not Available
📊

7th Energy level
Not Available
📊

8th Energy Level
Not Available
📊

9th Energy Level
Not Available
📊

10th Energy Level
Not Available
📊

11th Energy Level
Not Available

12th Energy Level
Not Available

13th Energy Level
Not Available

14th Energy Level
Not Available

15th Energy Level
Not Available

16th Energy Level
Not Available

17th Energy Level
Not Available

18th Energy Level
Not Available
📊

19th Energy Level
Not Available

20th Energy Level
Not Available

21st Energy Level
Not Available

22nd Energy Level
Not Available

23rd Energy Level
Not Available

24th Energy Level
Not Available

25th Energy Level
Not Available

26th Energy Level
Not Available

27th Energy Level
Not Available

28th Energy Level
Not Available

29th Energy Level
Not Available

30th Energy Level
Not Available

Electrochemical Equivalent
1.11 g/amp-hr
55
📊

Electron Work Function
4.42 eV
16
📊

Other Chemical Properties
Ionization, Solubility

Atomic Properties of Tin

Atomic Number
50
62
📊

Electron Configuration
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2

Crystal Structure
Tetragonal (TETR)
📊

Crystal Lattice
TETR-Crystal-Structure-of-Tin.jpg#100

Atom of Tin

Number of Protons
50
61
📊

Number of Neutrons
69
45
📊

Number of Electrons
50
61
📊

Radius of an Atom

Atomic Radius
140.00 pm
38
📊

Covalent Radius
139.00 pm
45
📊

Van der Waals Radius
217.00 pm
23
📊

Atomic Weight
118.71 amu
56
📊

Atomic Volume
16.30 cm3/mol
32
📊

Adjacent Atomic Numbers

Previous Element

Next Element

Valence Electron Potential
83.50 (-eV)
14
📊

Lattice Constant
583.18 pm
7
📊

Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2

Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available
📊

Mechanical Properties of Tin

Density of Tin

Density At Room Temperature
7.37 g/cm3
54
📊

Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
6.99 g/cm3
34
📊

Tensile Strength
Not Available
📊

Viscosity
Not Available
📊

Vapor Pressure of Tin

Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
0.00 (Pa)
17
📊

Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Not Available
📊

Elasticity properties

Shear Modulus
18.00 GPa
36
📊

Bulk Modulus
58.00 GPa
20
📊

Young's Modulus
50.00 GPa
36
📊

Poisson Ratio
0.36
8
📊

Other Mechanical Properties
Ductile, Malleable

Magnetic Properties of Tin

Magnetic Characteristics of Tin

Specific Gravity
7.31
42
📊

Magnetic Ordering
Diamagnetic
📊

Permeability
Not Available
📊

Susceptibility
Not Available
📊

Electrical Properties

Electrical Property
Superconductor
📊

Resistivity
115.00 nΩ·m
28
📊

Electrical Conductivity
0.09 106/cm Ω
23
📊

Electron Affinity
107.30 kJ/mol
8
📊

Thermal Properties of Tin

Specific Heat
0.23 J/(kg K)
28
📊

Molar Heat Capacity
27.11 J/mol·K
20
📊

Thermal Conductivity
66.80 W/m·K
25
📊

Critical Temperature
Not Available

Thermal Expansion
22.00 µm/(m·K)
20
📊

Enthalpy of Tin

Enthalpy of Vaporization
290.40 kJ/mol
32
📊

Enthalpy of Fusion
7.03 kJ/mol
47
📊

Enthalpy of Atomization
301.30 kJ/mol
35
📊

Standard Molar Entropy
51.20 J/mol.K
29
📊

Tin Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Tin metal is also represented by the symbol Sn. This atomic symbol of Tin is useful in indicating the position of metal Sn in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Tin? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Sn metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Tin

Periodic table of Tin comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Tin metal belongs to Post Transition Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 14, whereas its period number is 5. It is placed under p block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent p block elements.

Tin Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Tin are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Tin is 50 and its atomic weight is 118.71 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2. Nuclear particles in Tin atom are 69 neutrons, 50 protons and 50 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Tin

Physical and chemical characteristics of Tin are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Tin include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silvery White Solid. It starts melting at 231.90 °C. All these Tin metal properties together define what is Tin?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og