Home
×

Ruthenium
Ruthenium

Rutherfordium
Rutherfordium



ADD
Compare
X
Ruthenium
X
Rutherfordium

Ruthenium vs Rutherfordium

1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Ru
Rf
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
8
Rank: 10 (Overall)
4
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Gadolinium
ADD ⊕
1.3 Period Number
Uranium
5
Rank: 3 (Overall)
7
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
1.4 Block
d block
d block
1.5 Element Family
Transition Metal
Transition Metal
1.6 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7440188
Rank: 61 (Overall)
53850365
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Aluminium
ADD ⊕
1.7 Space Group Name
P63/mmc
Not Available
1.8 Space Group Number
Sodium
194.00
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Plutonium
ADD ⊕
2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • Ruthenium element has been extracted from used nuclear fuel.
  • Ruthenium metal also produces as a by-product of the Nickel mining.
  • Rutherfordium does not occur in nature as it is a synthetic element.
  • Till date Rutherfordium metal has 15 radioisotopes created synthetically.
2.2 Sources
By-product of Nickel Refining, Found in Minerals, Mining
Bombarding Plutonium with Accelerated 113 to 115 MeV Neon Ions, Synthetically Produced
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
Karl Ernst Claus
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
2.3.2 Discovery
In 1844
In 1964
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
4 * 10-7 %
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Thallium
ADD ⊕
2.4.2 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~0.0000005 %
Rank: 22 (Overall)
~-9999 %
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
2.4.3 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
0.00 %
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Gold
ADD ⊕
2.4.4 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
0.00 %
Rank: 54 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Radium
ADD ⊕
2.4.5 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
0.00 %
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Protactinium
ADD ⊕
2.4.6 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Radium
ADD ⊕
3 Uses
3.1 Uses & Benefits
  • It is used for producing chip resistors and contact.
  • Ruthenium oxide is used to coat the anodes cells for chlorine production in chemical industry. It also works as catalysts for ammonia and acetic acid reaction.
  • Currently known uses of Rutherfordium metal are limited to research purpose only.
3.1.1 Industrial Uses
Aerospace Industry, Automobile Industry, Chemical Industry, Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
NA
3.1.2 Medical Uses
Medical Research
NA
3.1.3 Other Uses
Alloys
Alloys, Research Purposes
3.2 Biological Properties
3.2.1 Toxicity
Low Toxic
Unknown
3.2.2 Present in Human Body
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
3.2.3 In Blood
Sodium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Plutonium
ADD ⊕
3.2.4 In Bone
Calcium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00 p.p.m.
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Plutonium
ADD ⊕
4 Physical
4.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
2,250.00 °C
Rank: 8 (Overall)
2,100.00 °C
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Francium
ADD ⊕
4.2 Boiling Point
Tungsten
3,900.00 °C
Rank: 14 (Overall)
5,500.00 °C
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Flerovium
ADD ⊕
4.3 Appearance
4.3.1 Physical State
Solid
Solid
4.3.2 Color
Silvery White
Unknown
4.3.3 Luster
Metallic
Unknown Luster
4.4 Hardness
4.4.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
6.50
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
4.4.2 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
2,160.00 MPa
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
4.4.3 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Palladium
ADD ⊕
4.5 Speed of Sound
Technetium
5,970.00 m/s
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Thallium
ADD ⊕
4.6 Optical Properties
4.6.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
ADD ⊕
4.6.2 Reflectivity
Silver
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
4.7 Allotropes
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
4.7.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
4.7.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
4.7.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
5 Chemical
5.1 Chemical Formula
Ru
Rf
5.2 Isotopes
5.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
26
Rank: 13 (Overall)
13
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Tennessine
ADD ⊕
5.3 Electronegativity
5.3.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
2.20
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Francium
ADD ⊕
5.3.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
5.3.3 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
1.42
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
5.3.4 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
5.3.5 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
1.54
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
5.4 Electropositivity
5.4.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
1.80
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Gold
ADD ⊕
5.5 Ionization Energies
5.5.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
710.20 kJ/mol
Rank: 32 (Overall)
579.90 kJ/mol
Rank: 63 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
5.5.2 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
710.22 kJ/mol
Rank: 83 (Overall)
1,389.40 kJ/mol
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Ruthenium
ADD ⊕
5.5.3 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
2,747.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 37 (Overall)
2,296.40 kJ/mol
Rank: 56 (Overall)
Osmium
ADD ⊕
5.5.4 4th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
3,077.90 kJ/mol
Rank: 65 (Overall)
Thorium
ADD ⊕
5.5.5 5th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Dubnium
ADD ⊕
5.5.6 6th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Seaborgium
ADD ⊕
5.5.7 7th Energy level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bohrium
ADD ⊕
5.5.8 8th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Hassium
ADD ⊕
5.5.9 9th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
ADD ⊕
5.5.10 10th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Strontium
ADD ⊕
5.5.11 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
ADD ⊕
5.5.12 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
5.5.13 13th Energy Level
Titanium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
5.5.14 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
5.5.15 15th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese
ADD ⊕
5.5.16 16th Energy Level
Manganese
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Iron
ADD ⊕
5.5.17 17th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt
ADD ⊕
5.5.18 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nickel
ADD ⊕
5.5.19 19th Energy Level
Nickel
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Copper
ADD ⊕
5.5.20 20th Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
5.5.21 21st Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
5.5.22 22nd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
5.5.23 23rd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
5.5.24 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
5.5.25 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.26 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.27 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.28 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.29 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.30 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.6 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
1.26 g/amp-hr
Rank: 51 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
5.7 Electron Work Function
Platinum
4.71 eV
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
5.8 Other Chemical Properties
Anti Corrosion, Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes, Solubility
Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes, Radioactivity
6 Atomic
6.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
44
Rank: 68 (Overall)
104
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
6.2 Electron Configuration
[Kr] 4d7 5s1
[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
6.3 Crystal Structure
Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP)
Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP)
6.3.1 Crystal Lattice
6.4 Atom
6.4.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
44
Rank: 67 (Overall)
104
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
6.4.2 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
57
Rank: 50 (Overall)
157
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
6.4.3 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
44
Rank: 67 (Overall)
104
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
6.5 Radius of an Atom
6.5.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
134.00 pm
Rank: 43 (Overall)
150.00 pm
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
6.5.2 Covalent Radius
Francium
146.00 pm
Rank: 38 (Overall)
157.00 pm
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
6.5.3 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
200.00 pm
Rank: 28 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Zinc
ADD ⊕
6.6 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
101.07 amu
Rank: 62 (Overall)
267.00 amu
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
6.7 Atomic Volume
Cesium
8.30 cm3/mol
Rank: 59 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese
ADD ⊕
6.8 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
6.8.1 Previous Element
6.8.2 Next Element
6.9 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
64.00 (-eV)
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Francium
ADD ⊕
6.10 Lattice Constant
Manganese
270.59 pm
Rank: 67 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
6.11 Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
NA
6.12 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
1.58
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
7 Mechanical
7.1 Density
7.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
12.45 g/cm3
Rank: 27 (Overall)
23.20 g/cm3
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
7.1.2 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
10.65 g/cm3
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
7.2 Tensile Strength
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Indium
ADD ⊕
7.3 Viscosity
Mercury
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
7.4 Vapor Pressure
7.4.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cerium
ADD ⊕
7.4.2 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
0.00 (Pa)
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
ADD ⊕
7.5 Elasticity properties
7.5.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
173.00 GPa
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Potassium
ADD ⊕
7.5.2 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
220.00 GPa
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
7.5.3 Young's Modulus
Iridium
447.00 GPa
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
7.6 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
0.30
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
7.7 Other Mechanical Properties
Ductile, Malleable
Unknown
8 Magnetic
8.1 Magnetic Characteristics
8.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
12.45
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
8.1.2 Magnetic Ordering
Paramagnetic
Unknown
8.1.3 Permeability
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
ADD ⊕
8.1.4 Susceptibility
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
ADD ⊕
8.2 Electrical Properties
8.2.1 Electrical Property
Conductor
Unknown
8.2.2 Resistivity
Mercury
71.00 nΩ·m
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Thallium
ADD ⊕
8.2.3 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.14 106/cm Ω
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Plutonium
ADD ⊕
8.2.4 Electron Affinity
Gold
101.30 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
ADD ⊕
9 Thermal
9.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
0.24 J/(kg K)
Rank: 24 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Americium
ADD ⊕
9.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
24.06 J/mol·K
Rank: 54 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
9.3 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
117.00 W/m·K
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Neptunium
ADD ⊕
9.4 Critical Temperature
Lithium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Ytterbium
ADD ⊕
9.5 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
6.40 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 51 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
ADD ⊕
9.6 Enthalpy
9.6.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
567.80 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Zinc
ADD ⊕
9.6.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
25.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
9.6.3 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
603.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
ADD ⊕
9.7 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
28.50 J/mol.K
Rank: 54 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕