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Platină
Platină

Paladiu
Paladiu



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Platină
X
Paladiu

Platină vs Paladiu

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1 Tabelul periodic
1.1 Simbol
Pt
Pd
1.2 Număr grup
Tennessine Metal
10
Rank: 8 (Overall)
10
Rank: 8 (Overall)
gadoliniu Metal
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1.3 perioada Număr
Uraniu Metal
6
Rank: 2 (Overall)
5
Rank: 3 (Overall)
litiu Metal
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1.4 bloc
d block
d block
1.5 Element de familie
metal de tranziție
metal de tranziție
1.6 Numărul CAS
roentgeniu Metal
7440064
Rank: 73 (Overall)
7440053
Rank: 74 (Overall)
Aluminiu Metal
1.7 Nume grup spațiu
Fm_ 3m
Fm_ 3m
1.8 Număr spațiu grup
Sodiu Metal
225,00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
225,00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Plutoniu Metal
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2 Fapte
2.1 Fapte interesante
  • Platinum este cel mai rar metal din categoriile de metale prețioase ..
  • Comercial Platinum este produs ca un produs secundar în minereuri de nichel.
Character length exceed error
2.2 surse
Minerit, Minereu metale, Minereurile de minerale
Minereu metale
2.3 Istorie
2.3.1 care a descoperit
Antonio de Ulloa
William Hyde Wollaston
2.3.2 Descoperire
în 1735
in 1803
2.4 Abundenţă
2.4.1 Abundenței În Universul
Fier Metal
5 * 10-7 %
Rank: 19 (Overall)
2 * 10-7 %
Rank: 22 (Overall)
taliu Metal
2.4.2 Abundenței În Soare
Fier Metal
~0.0000009 %
Rank: 19 (Overall)
~0.0000003 %
Rank: 24 (Overall)
beriliului Metal
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2.4.3 Abundenței În Meteoriți
Fier Metal
0,00 %
Rank: 25 (Overall)
0,00 %
Rank: 51 (Overall)
Aur Metal
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2.4.4 Abundenței în scoarța Pământului
Aluminiu Metal
0,00 %
Rank: 49 (Overall)
0,00 %
Rank: 48 (Overall)
Radiu Metal
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2.4.5 Abundenței în oceanele
Sodiu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
protactiniu Metal
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2.4.6 Abundenței la om
Calciu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Radiu Metal
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3 utilizări
3.1 Utilizări și beneficii
  • de metal de platină este utilizat în principal în bijuterii.
  • Platina este folosit ca un catalizator industrial în producția de acid azotic, silicon și benzen.
  • Cea mai mare parte din metal de paladiu este utilizat în convertoare catalitice. În industria electronică este utilizat în condensatoarele ceramice de mobil și computer.
  • Este folosit in bijuterii si plombe dentare si coroane.
3.1.1 Utilizări industriale
industria aerospațială, Industria chimica
industria aerospațială, industria de automobile, industria electronică
3.1.2 Utilizări medicale
Stomatologie, Industria farmaceutica, Instrumente chirurgicale Manufacturing
Stomatologie, Industria farmaceutica, Instrumente chirurgicale Manufacturing
3.1.3 alte utilizări
Aliaje, bullion, sistem monetar, Bijuterii, Sculpture, statui
sistem monetar, bullion, Bijuterii
3.2 Proprietățile biologice
3.2.1 Toxicitate
non Toxic
Toxic
3.2.2 Prezent în corpul uman
Nu
Nu
3.2.3 in Blood
Sodiu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Plutoniu Metal
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3.2.4 in Bone
Calciu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Plutoniu Metal
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4 Fizic
4.1 Punct de topire
Tungsten Metal
1.772,00 ° C
Rank: 16 (Overall)
1.554,90 ° C
Rank: 22 (Overall)
franciu Metal
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4.2 Punct de fierbere
Tungsten Metal
3.827,00 ° C
Rank: 15 (Overall)
2.963,00 ° C
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Fleroviu Metal
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4.3 Aspect
4.3.1 Stare fizică
Solid
Solid
4.3.2 Culoare
silvery alb
Argint
4.3.3 Luciu
Metalic
Metalic
4.4 Duritate
4.4.1 Mohs Duritate
Crom Metal
3,50
Rank: 11 (Overall)
4,75
Rank: 9 (Overall)
cesiu Metal
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4.4.2 Duritatea Brinell
Osmiu Metal
300,00 MPa
Rank: 34 (Overall)
320,00 MPa
Rank: 33 (Overall)
cesiu Metal
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4.4.3 Duritatea Vickers
Tungsten Metal
400,00 MPa
Rank: 25 (Overall)
121,00 MPa
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Paladiu Metal
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4.5 Viteza sunetului
tehnețiu Metal
2.800,00 Domnișoară
Rank: 29 (Overall)
3.070,00 Domnișoară
Rank: 26 (Overall)
taliu Metal
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4.6 Proprietăți optice
4.6.1 Indicele de refractie
Paladiu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
1,72
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Mercur Metal
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4.6.2 reflexiei
Argint Metal
73,00 %
Rank: 8 (Overall)
84,00 %
Rank: 4 (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
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4.7 forme alotropice
Nu
Nu
4.7.1 alfa forme alotropice
Nu e disponibil
Nu e disponibil
4.7.2 p forme alotropice
Nu e disponibil
Nu e disponibil
4.7.3 y forme alotropice
Nu e disponibil
Nu e disponibil
5 Chimic
5.1 Formula chimica
Pt
Pd
5.2 izotopii
5.2.1 Izotopi cunoscute
Paladiu Metal
35
Rank: 4 (Overall)
38
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Tennessine Metal
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5.3 Electronegativitate
5.3.1 Pauling Electronegativitate
Aur Metal
2,28
Rank: 3 (Overall)
2,20
Rank: 4 (Overall)
franciu Metal
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5.3.2 Sanderson Electronegativitate
Cobalt Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
cesiu Metal
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5.3.3 Allred Rochow Electronegativitate
Galiu Metal
1,44
Rank: 17 (Overall)
1,35
Rank: 21 (Overall)
cesiu Metal
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5.3.4 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativitate
Poloniu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
cesiu Metal
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5.3.5 Allen Electronegativitate
berkelium Metal
1,72
Rank: 16 (Overall)
1,59
Rank: 22 (Overall)
cesiu Metal
5.4 Electropositivity
5.4.1 Pauling Electropositivity
franciu Metal
1,72
Rank: 50 (Overall)
1,80
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Aur Metal
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5.5 Energiile ionizarea
5.5.1 Primul nivel de energie
Crom Metal
870,00 kJ / mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
520,23 kJ / mol
Rank: 80 (Overall)
cesiu Metal
5.5.2 Nivelul 2 Energie
Crom Metal
1.791,00 kJ / mol
Rank: 21 (Overall)
7.298,22 kJ / mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Ruteniu Metal
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5.5.3 3rd Level Energy
Crom Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
11.815,13 kJ / mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Osmiu Metal
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5.5.4 4a Nivel de energie
Crom Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
toriu Metal
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5.5.5 A 5 Nivel de energie
Crom Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Dubnium Metal
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5.5.6 A 6 Nivel de energie
Crom Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
seaborgiu Metal
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5.5.7 Nivelul de energie al 7-lea
Crom Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
bohrium Metal
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5.5.8 A 8-Level Energy
Crom Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
hassiu Metal
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5.5.9 Al 9-lea nivel de energie
Crom Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
itriu Metal
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5.5.10 A 10 Nivel de energie
Crom Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Stronţiu Metal
5.5.11 11 Nivelul de energie
Magneziu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
itriu Metal
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5.5.12 12 Nivelul de energie
Magneziu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
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5.5.13 13 Nivel de energie
Titan Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
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5.5.14 14 Nivel de energie
vanadiu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
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5.5.15 15 Nivel de energie
Crom Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mangan Metal
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5.5.16 16 Nivelul de energie
Mangan Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Fier Metal
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5.5.17 17 Nivelul de energie
Fier Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt Metal
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5.5.18 18 Nivelul de energie
Cobalt Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nichel Metal
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5.5.19 19 Nivel de energie
Nichel Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cupru Metal
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5.5.20 20 Nivelul de energie
Zinc Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
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5.5.21 21 Nivelul de energie
Zinc Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
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5.5.22 22 Nivelul de energie
Cupru Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
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5.5.23 23 Nivelul de energie
Cupru Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
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5.5.24 24 Nivelul de energie
Fier Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
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5.5.25 25 Nivelul de energie
molibdenul Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
5.5.26 26 Nivelul de energie
molibdenul Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
5.5.27 27 Nivelul de energie
molibdenul Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
5.5.28 28 Nivelul de energie
molibdenul Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
5.5.29 29 Nivelul de energie
molibdenul Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
5.5.30 30 Nivelul de energie
molibdenul Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
molibdenul Metal
5.6 echivalent electrochimică
franciu Metal
1,82 g / amp-hr
Rank: 35 (Overall)
1,99 g / amp-hr
Rank: 30 (Overall)
beriliului Metal
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5.7 Funcția de electroni de lucru
Platină Metal
5,65 eV
Rank: 1 (Overall)
5,12 eV
Rank: 3 (Overall)
cesiu Metal
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5.8 Celelalte proprietăți chimice
Stabilitate chimică, anti coroziune, ionizarea
Stabilitate chimică, Coroziune, ionizarea, Solubilitate
6 Atomic
6.1 Numar atomic
Tennessine Metal
78
Rank: 38 (Overall)
46
Rank: 66 (Overall)
litiu Metal
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6.2 Configuratie electronica
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
[Kr] 4d10
6.3 Structura de cristal
Centrat cilindrică se confruntă cu (FCC)
Centrat cilindrică se confruntă cu (FCC)
6.3.1 rețelei de cristal
6.4 Atom
6.4.1 Numărul de Protonii
Tennessine Metal
78
Rank: 38 (Overall)
46
Rank: 65 (Overall)
litiu Metal
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6.4.2 Numărul de Neutronii
Fleroviu Metal
117
Rank: 24 (Overall)
60
Rank: 48 (Overall)
litiu Metal
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6.4.3 Numărul de Electronii
Tennessine Metal
78
Rank: 38 (Overall)
46
Rank: 65 (Overall)
litiu Metal
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6.5 Raza unui Atom
6.5.1 Raza atomică
cesiu Metal
139,00 p.m
Rank: 39 (Overall)
137,00 p.m
Rank: 40 (Overall)
beriliului Metal
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6.5.2 Raza covalentă
franciu Metal
136,00 p.m
Rank: 46 (Overall)
139,00 p.m
Rank: 45 (Overall)
beriliului Metal
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6.5.3 Van der Waals Raza
franciu Metal
175,00 p.m
Rank: 36 (Overall)
163,00 p.m
Rank: 40 (Overall)
Zinc Metal
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6.6 Greutate atomica
Tennessine Metal
47,87 amu
Rank: 78 (Overall)
106,42 amu
Rank: 60 (Overall)
litiu Metal
6.7 volum atomic
cesiu Metal
9,09 cm3 / mol
Rank: 53 (Overall)
8,90 cm3 / mol
Rank: 54 (Overall)
Mangan Metal
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6.8 Numere atomice adiacente
6.8.1 Elementul precedent
6.8.2 Elementul următor
6.9 Valence Electron Potential
Platină Metal
392,42 (-EV)
Rank: 1 (Overall)
33,00 (-EV)
Rank: 51 (Overall)
franciu Metal
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6.10 Constant zabrele
Mangan Metal
392,42 p.m
Rank: 24 (Overall)
389,07 p.m
Rank: 25 (Overall)
beriliului Metal
6.11 zabrele Unghiuri
π/2, π/2, π/2
π/2, π/2, π/2
6.12 C latice / A Ratio
cadmiu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
beriliului Metal
7 Mecanic
7.1 Densitate
7.1.1 Densitatea la temperatura camerei
hassiu Metal
21,45 g / cm3
Rank: 11 (Overall)
12,02 g / cm3
Rank: 29 (Overall)
litiu Metal
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7.1.2 Densitate Când lichid (la mp)
Osmiu Metal
19,77 g / cm3
Rank: 2 (Overall)
10,38 g / cm3
Rank: 17 (Overall)
litiu Metal
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7.2 Rezistență la tracțiune
Fier Metal
125,00 MPa
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
indiu Metal
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7.3 Viscozitate
Mercur Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercur Metal
7.4 Presiunea de vapori
7.4.1 Presiunea de vapori la 1000 K
Stronţiu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0,00 (Pa)
Rank: 27 (Overall)
ceriu Metal
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7.4.2 Presiunea de vapori la 2000 K
Crom Metal
0,07 (Pa)
Rank: 18 (Overall)
0,00 (Pa)
Rank: 30 (Overall)
Tungsten Metal
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7.5 Proprietățile elasticitate
7.5.1 shear Modulus
Osmiu Metal
61,00 GPa
Rank: 14 (Overall)
44,00 GPa
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Potasiu Metal
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7.5.2 Modulus în vrac
Osmiu Metal
230,00 GPa
Rank: 6 (Overall)
180,00 GPa
Rank: 9 (Overall)
cesiu Metal
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7.5.3 Modulul lui Young
Iridiu Metal
168,00 GPa
Rank: 14 (Overall)
121,00 GPa
Rank: 16 (Overall)
cesiu Metal
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7.6 poisson Raportul
Galiu Metal
0,38
Rank: 6 (Overall)
0,39
Rank: 5 (Overall)
beriliului Metal
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7.7 Alte proprietăți mecanice
Ductil, Maleabil
Ductil, Maleabil, Sudabil
8 Magnetic
8.1 Caracteristici magnetice
8.1.1 Gravitație specifică
Cobalt Metal
21,45
Rank: 4 (Overall)
12,02
Rank: 21 (Overall)
litiu Metal
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8.1.2 Comenzi magnetice
paramagnetic
Diamagnetic
8.1.3 Permeabilitate
Fier Metal
0,00 H / m
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismut Metal
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8.1.4 Susceptibil
Fier Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismut Metal
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8.2 Proprietăți electrice
8.2.1 Domeniul imobilier electrice
Conductor
Conductor
8.2.2 Rezistivitatea
Mercur Metal
105,00 nΩ · m
Rank: 30 (Overall)
105,40 nΩ · m
Rank: 29 (Overall)
taliu Metal
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8.2.3 Conductivitate electrică
Argint Metal
0,10 10 6 / cm Ω
Rank: 21 (Overall)
0,10 10 6 / cm Ω
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Plutoniu Metal
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8.2.4 electron afinitate
Aur Metal
205,30 kJ / mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
54,23 kJ / mol
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Mercur Metal
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9 Termic
9.1 Căldura specifică
litiu Metal
0,13 J / (kg K)
Rank: 39 (Overall)
0,24 J / (kg K)
Rank: 23 (Overall)
americiu Metal
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9.2 Molara Capacitatea de căldură
americiu Metal
25,86 J / mol · K
Rank: 35 (Overall)
25,98 J / mol · K
Rank: 33 (Overall)
beriliului Metal
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9.3 Conductivitate termică
Argint Metal
71,60 W / m · K
Rank: 24 (Overall)
71,80 W / m · K
Rank: 23 (Overall)
neptuniu Metal
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9.4 Temperatura critică
litiu Metal
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nu e disponibil
Rank: N/A (Overall)
yterbiu Metal
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9.5 Expansiunea termică
cesiu Metal
8,80 pm / (m · K)
Rank: 44 (Overall)
11,80 pm / (m · K)
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Tungsten Metal
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9.6 entalpia
9.6.1 Entalpia de Vaporizarea
Tungsten Metal
510,50 kJ / mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
376,60 kJ / mol
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Zinc Metal
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9.6.2 Entalpie Fusion
Tungsten Metal
19,70 kJ / mol
Rank: 12 (Overall)
16,74 kJ / mol
Rank: 18 (Overall)
cesiu Metal
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9.6.3 Entalpie de atomizare
Tungsten Metal
565,00 kJ / mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
393,30 kJ / mol
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Mercur Metal
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9.7 Standard Molar Entropy
protactiniu Met..
41,60 J / mol.K
Rank: 36 (Overall)
37,60 J / mol.K
Rank: 40 (Overall)
beriliului Metal
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