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Manganese
Manganese

Nickel
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Manganese vs Nickel

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1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Mn
Ni
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
7
Rank: 11 (Overall)
10
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Gadolinium
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2.3 Period Number
Uranium
4
Rank: 4 (Overall)
4
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.4 Block
d block
d block
2.5 Element Family
Transition Metal
Transition Metal
2.6 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7439965
Rank: 82 (Overall)
7440020
Rank: 77 (Overall)
Aluminium
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3.1 Space Group Name
I_ 43m
Fm_ 3m
3.3 Space Group Number
Sodium
217.00
Rank: 4 (Overall)
225.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Plutonium
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4 Facts
4.1 Interesting Facts
  • Manganese is an essential trace element in all forms of life.
  • Manganese metal oxidizes very easily, but it does not fuse that easily.
  • Zinc metal found (obtain) in many forms like granules, foil, dust and in a powder form.
  • After iron, Zinc metal the second most abundant element in the earth crust.
4.2 Sources
Found in Minerals, Mining, Ores of Minerals
Found in Minerals, Mining, Ores of Minerals
4.3 History
4.3.1 Who Discovered
Johann Gottlieb Gahn
Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
4.3.2 Discovery
In 1774
In 1751
4.4 Abundance
4.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
8 * 10-4 %
Rank: 8 (Overall)
6 * 10-3 %
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Thallium
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4.5.1 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~0.001 %
Rank: 8 (Overall)
~0.008 %
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Beryllium
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4.7.2 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
0.27 %
Rank: 8 (Overall)
1.30 %
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Gold
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4.7.4 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
0.11 %
Rank: 8 (Overall)
0.01 %
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Radium
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4.7.6 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
0.00 %
Rank: 13 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Protactinium
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4.8.1 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
0.00 %
Rank: 13 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Radium
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5 Uses
5.1 Uses & Benefits
  • This metal is very brittle hence it mostly not used as a pure metal, but its alloys are very useful
  • Its alloy Manganese steel is extremely strong and used in railway tracks, safes, prison bars and riffle barrels.
  • It has corrosion resistance and hence it is used to plate other metals.
  • Its alloys are very useful; Nichrome alloy is used in the hot coil of toasters and electric oven.
5.1.1 Industrial Uses
Automobile Industry, Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
Automobile Industry, Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
5.1.2 Medical Uses
NA
NA
5.1.3 Other Uses
Alloys
Alloys
5.2 Biological Properties
5.2.1 Toxicity
Toxic
Toxic
5.2.2 Present in Human Body
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
5.3.2 In Blood
Sodium
0.08 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 14 (Overall)
0.05 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Plutonium
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5.3.3 In Bone
Calcium
100.00 p.p.m.
Rank: 8 (Overall)
0.70 p.p.m.
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Plutonium
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6 Physical
6.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
1,245.00 °C
Rank: 37 (Overall)
1,453.00 °C
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Francium
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7.3 Boiling Point
Tungsten
1,962.00 °C
Rank: 51 (Overall)
2,732.00 °C
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Flerovium
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7.5 Appearance
7.5.1 Physical State
Solid
Solid
7.5.2 Color
Silver
Silver
7.5.3 Luster
Metallic
Metallic
7.6 Hardness
7.6.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
6.00
Rank: 6 (Overall)
4.00
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.6.2 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
196.00 MPa
Rank: 41 (Overall)
667.00 MPa
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.6.4 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
638.00 MPa
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Palladium
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7.7 Speed of Sound
Technetium
5,150.00 m/s
Rank: 7 (Overall)
4,900.00 m/s
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Thallium
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7.8 Optical Properties
7.8.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
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7.8.3 Reflectivity
Silver
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
72.00 %
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.9 Allotropes
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
7.9.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
7.9.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
7.9.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
8 Chemical
8.1 Chemical Formula
Mn
Ni
8.2 Isotopes
8.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
21
Rank: 18 (Overall)
25
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Tennessine
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8.4 Electronegativity
8.4.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
1.55
Rank: 25 (Overall)
1.91
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Francium
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8.4.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
2.20
Rank: 7 (Overall)
1.94
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Cesium
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8.5.2 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
1.60
Rank: 9 (Overall)
1.75
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Cesium
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8.5.3 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
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8.5.5 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
1.75
Rank: 15 (Overall)
1.88
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Cesium
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8.6 Electropositivity
8.6.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
2.45
Rank: 29 (Overall)
2.09
Rank: 43 (Overall)
Gold
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8.7 Ionization Energies
8.7.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
717.30 kJ/mol
Rank: 30 (Overall)
737.10 kJ/mol
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Cesium
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8.7.3 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
1,509.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 39 (Overall)
1,753.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Ruthenium
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8.7.5 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
3,248.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 21 (Overall)
3,395.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Osmium
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8.7.7 4th Energy Level
Chromium
4,940.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 20 (Overall)
5,300.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Thorium
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8.7.9 5th Energy Level
Chromium
6,990.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 17 (Overall)
7,339.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Dubnium
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8.7.10 6th Energy Level
Chromium
9,220.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 16 (Overall)
10,400.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Seaborgium
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8.7.12 7th Energy level
Chromium
11,500.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 16 (Overall)
12,800.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Bohrium
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8.7.14 8th Energy Level
Chromium
18,770.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
15,600.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Hassium
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8.7.16 9th Energy Level
Chromium
21,400.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
18,600.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Yttrium
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8.7.18 10th Energy Level
Chromium
23,960.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 9 (Overall)
21,670.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Strontium
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8.7.19 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
27,590.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
30,970.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Yttrium
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8.7.21 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
30,330.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
34,000.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.7.23 13th Energy Level
Titanium
33,150.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
37,100.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.7.25 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
38,880.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
41,500.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.7.27 15th Energy Level
Chromium
41,987.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 13 (Overall)
44,800.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Manganese
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8.7.29 16th Energy Level
Manganese
109,480.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
48,100.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Iron
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8.7.30 17th Energy Level
Iron
118,100.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
55,101.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Cobalt
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8.7.32 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
127,100.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
58,570.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Nickel
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8.7.34 19th Energy Level
Nickel
138,600.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 4 (Overall)
148,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Copper
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8.7.36 20th Energy Level
Zinc
148,500.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
159,000.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.7.38 21st Energy Level
Zinc
158,600.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
169,400.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.7.40 22nd Energy Level
Copper
172,500.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
182,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.7.41 23rd Energy Level
Copper
181,380.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
194,000.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.7.43 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.7.45 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
8.7.47 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
8.7.48 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
8.7.50 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
8.7.52 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
8.7.53 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
8.8 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
0.29 g/amp-hr
Rank: 74 (Overall)
1.10 g/amp-hr
Rank: 58 (Overall)
Beryllium
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8.9 Electron Work Function
Platinum
4.10 eV
Rank: 25 (Overall)
5.15 eV
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Cesium
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8.10 Other Chemical Properties
Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes
Anti Corrosion, Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes
9 Atomic
9.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
25
Rank: 81 (Overall)
28
Rank: 79 (Overall)
Lithium
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9.3 Electron Configuration
[Ar] 3d5 4s2
[Ar] 3d8 4s2 Or [Ar] 3d9 4s1
9.4 Crystal Structure
Body Centered Cubic (BCC)
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
9.4.1 Crystal Lattice
9.5 Atom
9.5.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
25
Rank: 80 (Overall)
28
Rank: 78 (Overall)
Lithium
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9.6.1 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
30
Rank: 60 (Overall)
31
Rank: 59 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.1.1 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
25
Rank: 80 (Overall)
28
Rank: 78 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.5 Radius of an Atom
10.5.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
127.00 pm
Rank: 47 (Overall)
124.00 pm
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Beryllium
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10.5.3 Covalent Radius
Francium
139.00 pm
Rank: 45 (Overall)
124.00 pm
Rank: 51 (Overall)
Beryllium
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10.5.4 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
200.00 pm
Rank: 28 (Overall)
163.00 pm
Rank: 40 (Overall)
Zinc
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10.6 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
54.94 amu
Rank: 75 (Overall)
58.69 amu
Rank: 73 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.8 Atomic Volume
Cesium
1.39 cm3/mol
Rank: 64 (Overall)
6.59 cm3/mol
Rank: 62 (Overall)
Manganese
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10.9 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
10.9.1 Previous Element
10.9.2 Next Element
10.10 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
220.00 (-eV)
Rank: 2 (Overall)
42.00 (-eV)
Rank: 43 (Overall)
Francium
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10.11 Lattice Constant
Manganese
891.25 pm
Rank: 1 (Overall)
352.40 pm
Rank: 41 (Overall)
Beryllium
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10.13 Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
π/2, π/2, π/2
10.14 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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11 Mechanical
11.1 Density
11.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
7.21 g/cm3
Rank: 57 (Overall)
8.91 g/cm3
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Lithium
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11.1.2 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
5.95 g/cm3
Rank: 43 (Overall)
7.81 g/cm3
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Lithium
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11.4 Tensile Strength
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
345.00 MPa
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Indium
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11.6 Viscosity
Mercury
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
11.9 Vapor Pressure
11.9.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
0.00 (Pa)
Rank: 12 (Overall)
0.00 (Pa)
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Cerium
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11.9.2 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
19.50 (Pa)
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Tungsten
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12.2 Elasticity properties
12.2.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
76.00 GPa
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Potassium
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12.2.3 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
120.00 GPa
Rank: 14 (Overall)
180.00 GPa
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Cesium
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12.3.1 Young's Modulus
Iridium
198.00 GPa
Rank: 12 (Overall)
200.00 GPa
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Cesium
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12.5 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.31
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Beryllium
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12.7 Other Mechanical Properties
NA
Ductile
13 Magnetic
13.1 Magnetic Characteristics
13.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
7.21
Rank: 44 (Overall)
8.90
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Lithium
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13.1.3 Magnetic Ordering
Paramagnetic
Ferromagnetic
13.1.4 Permeability
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00 H/m
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Bismuth
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13.2.2 Susceptibility
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
600.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Bismuth
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13.3 Electrical Properties
13.3.1 Electrical Property
Conductor
Conductor
13.3.2 Resistivity
Mercury
1.44 nΩ·m
Rank: 55 (Overall)
69.30 nΩ·m
Rank: 39 (Overall)
Thallium
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13.3.3 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.01 106/cm Ω
Rank: 63 (Overall)
0.14 106/cm Ω
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Plutonium
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13.3.5 Electron Affinity
Gold
0.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 40 (Overall)
112.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Mercury
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14 Thermal
14.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
0.48 J/(kg K)
Rank: 11 (Overall)
0.44 J/(kg K)
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Americium
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15.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
26.32 J/mol·K
Rank: 29 (Overall)
26.07 J/mol·K
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Beryllium
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15.3 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
7.81 W/m·K
Rank: 68 (Overall)
90.90 W/m·K
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Neptunium
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15.4 Critical Temperature
Lithium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Ytterbium
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15.5 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
21.70 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 21 (Overall)
13.40 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 28 (Overall)
Tungsten
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15.7 Enthalpy
15.7.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
219.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 41 (Overall)
371.80 kJ/mol
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Zinc
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15.7.3 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
14.64 kJ/mol
Rank: 23 (Overall)
17.57 kJ/mol
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Cesium
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15.7.5 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
280.30 kJ/mol
Rank: 38 (Overall)
422.60 kJ/mol
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Mercury
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16.2 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
32.00 J/mol.K
Rank: 48 (Overall)
29.90 J/mol.K
Rank: 50 (Overall)
Beryllium
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