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Yttrium
Yttrium

Samarium
Samarium



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Yttrium
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Samarium

Yttrium Samarium Comparison

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1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Y
Sm
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine Metal
3
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Gadolinium Metal
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1.3 Period Number
Uranium Metal
5
Rank: 3 (Overall)
6
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Lithium Metal
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1.4 Block
d block
f block
1.5 Element Family
Transition Metal
Lanthanide
1.6 CAS Number
Roentgenium Met..
7440655
Rank: 25 (Overall)
7440199
Rank: 60 (Overall)
Aluminium Metal
1.7 Space Group Name
P63/mmc
R_ 3m
1.8 Space Group Number
Sodium Metal
194.00
Rank: 5 (Overall)
166.00
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Plutonium Metal
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2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • Yttrium Metal is highly toxic.
  • Yttrium Metal is highly reactive in nature hence not found free in nature.
  • Samarium metals helps stimulating body metabolism.
  • Samarium metals was 1st observed by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in Dydimia in 1853.
2.2 Sources
Found in Minerals, Mining, Ores of Minerals
Found in Minerals, Mining, Ores of Minerals
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
Johan Gadolin
Lecoq de Boisbaudran
2.3.2 Discovery
In 1794
In 1879
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron Metal
7 * 10-7 %
Rank: 17 (Overall)
5 * 10-7 %
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Thallium Metal
2.4.3 Abundance In Sun
Iron Metal
~0.0000001 %
Rank: 26 (Overall)
~0.0000001 %
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Beryllium Metal
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2.4.5 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron Metal
0.00 %
Rank: 21 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Gold Metal
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2.4.6 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium Metal
0.00 %
Rank: 22 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Radium Metal
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2.4.7 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium Metal
0.00 %
Rank: 25 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 40 (Overall)
Protactinium Metal
2.4.9 Abundance In Humans
Calcium Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Radium Metal
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3 Uses
3.1 Uses & Benefits
  • Yttrium metal is used in different alloys, as it increases the strength of aluminum Magnesium alloy. It is used for radar microwave filter.
  • It is also used as a catalyst in ethene polymerisation.
  • Magnets of Samarium cobalt alloy are stronger than that of Iron and hence, they are used in microwave application.
  • Samarium metal also used in optical lasers and infrared absorbing glasses and as a neutron absorber.
3.1.1 Industrial Uses
Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
Aerospace Industry, Automobile Industry, Chemical Industry, Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
3.1.2 Medical Uses
NA
NA
3.1.3 Other Uses
Alloys
Alloys, In Nuclear Reactors
3.2 Biological Properties
3.2.1 Toxicity
Highly Toxic
Slightly Toxic
3.2.2 Present in Human Body
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
27% Lanthanide Series Metals have it !
3.2.3 In Blood
Sodium Metal
0.00 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 26 (Overall)
0.01 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Plutonium Metal
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3.2.5 In Bone
Calcium Metal
0.07 p.p.m.
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Plutonium Metal
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4 Physical
4.1 Melting Point
Tungsten Metal
1,523.00 °C
Rank: 27 (Overall)
1,072.00 °C
Rank: 41 (Overall)
Francium Metal
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4.2 Boiling Point
Tungsten Metal
3,337.00 °C
Rank: 21 (Overall)
1,900.00 °C
Rank: 52 (Overall)
Flerovium Metal
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4.3 Appearance
4.3.1 Physical State
Solid
Solid
4.3.2 Color
Silvery White
Silvery White
4.3.3 Luster
NA
Lustrous
4.4 Hardness
4.4.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium Metal
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4.4.2 Brinell Hardness
Osmium Metal
589.00 MPa
Rank: 22 (Overall)
441.00 MPa
Rank: 27 (Overall)
Cesium Metal
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4.4.4 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
412.00 MPa
Rank: 24 (Overall)
Palladium Metal
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4.5 Speed of Sound
Technetium Metal
3,300.00 m/s
Rank: 23 (Overall)
2,130.00 m/s
Rank: 42 (Overall)
Thallium Metal
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4.6 Optical Properties
4.6.1 Refractive Index
Palladium Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury Metal
4.6.3 Reflectivity
Silver Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
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4.7 Allotropes
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
No Lanthanide Series Metals has it !
4.8.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
4.8.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
4.8.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
5 Chemical
5.1 Chemical Formula
Y
Sm
5.2 Isotopes
5.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium Metal
19
Rank: 20 (Overall)
30
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Tennessine Metal
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5.3 Electronegativity
5.3.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold Metal
1.22
Rank: 38 (Overall)
1.17
Rank: 40 (Overall)
Francium Metal
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5.3.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt Metal
0.65
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium Metal
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5.4.1 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium Metal
1.11
Rank: 29 (Overall)
1.07
Rank: 32 (Overall)
Cesium Metal
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6.0.1 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium Metal
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6.1.1 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium Metal
1.12
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium Metal
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6.5 Electropositivity
6.5.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium Metal
2.78
Rank: 16 (Overall)
2.83
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Gold Metal
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6.6 Ionization Energies
6.6.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium Metal
600.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 53 (Overall)
544.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 72 (Overall)
Cesium Metal
6.6.3 2nd Energy Level
Chromium Metal
1,180.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 63 (Overall)
1,070.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 75 (Overall)
Ruthenium Metal
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6.6.4 3rd Energy Level
Chromium Metal
1,980.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 76 (Overall)
2,260.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 59 (Overall)
Osmium Metal
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6.6.6 4th Energy Level
Chromium Metal
5,847.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
3,990.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Thorium Metal
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6.7.2 5th Energy Level
Chromium Metal
7,430.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Dubnium Metal
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6.7.4 6th Energy Level
Chromium Metal
8,970.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Seaborgium Metal
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6.7.5 7th Energy level
Chromium Metal
11,190.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bohrium Metal
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6.7.7 8th Energy Level
Chromium Metal
12,450.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Hassium Metal
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6.8.1 9th Energy Level
Chromium Metal
14,110.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium Metal
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6.9.1 10th Energy Level
Chromium Metal
18,400.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Strontium Metal
6.11.1 11th Energy Level
Magnesium Metal
19,900.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium Metal
6.11.2 12th Energy Level
Magnesium Metal
36,090.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
6.12.1 13th Energy Level
Titanium Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
6.14.1 14th Energy Level
Vanadium Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
7.1.2 15th Energy Level
Chromium Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese Metal
7.1.4 16th Energy Level
Manganese Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Iron Metal
7.2.1 17th Energy Level
Iron Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt Metal
7.3.1 18th Energy Level
Cobalt Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nickel Metal
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7.4.2 19th Energy Level
Nickel Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Copper Metal
7.4.4 20th Energy Level
Zinc Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
7.5.2 21st Energy Level
Zinc Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
7.5.4 22nd Energy Level
Copper Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
7.5.6 23rd Energy Level
Copper Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
7.5.7 24th Energy Level
Iron Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
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7.6.1 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
7.6.2 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
8.1.2 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
8.1.3 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
8.1.6 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
8.1.7 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum Metal
8.2 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium Metal
1.11 g/amp-hr
Rank: 56 (Overall)
1.87 g/amp-hr
Rank: 34 (Overall)
Beryllium Metal
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8.3 Electron Work Function
Platinum Metal
3.10 eV
Rank: 35 (Overall)
2.70 eV
Rank: 41 (Overall)
Cesium Metal
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8.4 Other Chemical Properties
Chemical Stability, Flammable, Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes, Solubility
Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes
9 Atomic
9.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine Metal
39
Rank: 73 (Overall)
62
Rank: 54 (Overall)
Lithium Metal
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9.3 Electron Configuration
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
[Xe] 4f6 6s2
9.4 Crystal Structure
Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP)
Rhombohedral (RHO)
9.4.1 Crystal Lattice
9.5 Atom
9.5.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine Metal
39
Rank: 72 (Overall)
62
Rank: 53 (Overall)
Lithium Metal
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9.5.2 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium Metal
50
Rank: 55 (Overall)
88
Rank: 39 (Overall)
Lithium Metal
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9.5.3 Number of Electrons
Tennessine Metal
39
Rank: 72 (Overall)
62
Rank: 53 (Overall)
Lithium Metal
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9.6 Radius of an Atom
9.6.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium Metal
180.00 pm
Rank: 14 (Overall)
180.00 pm
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Beryllium Metal
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9.6.3 Covalent Radius
Francium Metal
190.00 pm
Rank: 18 (Overall)
198.00 pm
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Beryllium Metal
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9.6.4 Van der Waals Radius
Francium Metal
200.00 pm
Rank: 28 (Overall)
229.00 pm
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Zinc Metal
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10.2 Atomic Weight
Tennessine Metal
88.91 amu
Rank: 67 (Overall)
150.36 amu
Rank: 48 (Overall)
Lithium Metal
10.3 Atomic Volume
Cesium Metal
19.80 cm3/mol
Rank: 21 (Overall)
19.95 cm3/mol
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Manganese Metal
10.5 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
10.5.1 Previous Element
10.5.2 Next Element
10.6 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum Metal
48.00 (-eV)
Rank: 30 (Overall)
44.80 (-eV)
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Francium Metal
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10.7 Lattice Constant
Manganese Metal
364.74 pm
Rank: 31 (Overall)
362.10 pm
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Beryllium Metal
10.8 Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
10.9 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium Metal
1.57
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium Metal
11 Mechanical
11.1 Density
11.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium Metal
4.47 g/cm3
Rank: 71 (Overall)
7.52 g/cm3
Rank: 53 (Overall)
Lithium Metal
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11.1.2 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium Metal
4.24 g/cm3
Rank: 48 (Overall)
7.16 g/cm3
Rank: 32 (Overall)
Lithium Metal
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11.2 Tensile Strength
Iron Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Indium Metal
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11.4 Viscosity
Mercury Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury Metal
11.5 Vapor Pressure
11.5.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium Metal
0.00 (Pa)
Rank: 32 (Overall)
0.94 (Pa)
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Cerium Metal
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11.5.2 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium Metal
4.27 (Pa)
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten Metal
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11.7 Elasticity properties
11.7.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium Metal
25.60 GPa
Rank: 30 (Overall)
19.50 GPa
Rank: 34 (Overall)
Potassium Metal
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11.7.2 Bulk Modulus
Osmium Metal
41.20 GPa
Rank: 30 (Overall)
37.80 GPa
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Cesium Metal
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11.8.2 Young's Modulus
Iridium Metal
63.50 GPa
Rank: 32 (Overall)
49.70 GPa
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Cesium Metal
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11.9 Poisson Ratio
Gallium Metal
0.24
Rank: 26 (Overall)
0.27
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Beryllium Metal
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11.10 Other Mechanical Properties
Ductile
NA
12 Magnetic
12.1 Magnetic Characteristics
12.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt Metal
4.47
Rank: 59 (Overall)
7.52
Rank: 41 (Overall)
Lithium Metal
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12.1.3 Magnetic Ordering
Paramagnetic
Paramagnetic
12.1.4 Permeability
Iron Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth Metal
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12.1.5 Susceptibility
Iron Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth Metal
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12.3 Electrical Properties
12.3.1 Electrical Property
Conductor
Conductor
12.3.2 Resistivity
Mercury Metal
596.00 nΩ·m
Rank: 8 (Overall)
0.94 nΩ·m
Rank: 61 (Overall)
Thallium Metal
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12.3.3 Electrical Conductivity
Silver Metal
0.02 106/cm Ω
Rank: 47 (Overall)
0.01 106/cm Ω
Rank: 58 (Overall)
Plutonium Metal
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12.3.4 Electron Affinity
Gold Metal
29.60 kJ/mol
Rank: 30 (Overall)
50.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 21 (Overall)
Mercury Metal
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13 Thermal
13.1 Specific Heat
Lithium Metal
0.30 J/(kg K)
Rank: 18 (Overall)
0.20 J/(kg K)
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Americium Metal
13.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium Metal
26.53 J/mol·K
Rank: 27 (Overall)
29.54 J/mol·K
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Beryllium Metal
13.3 Thermal Conductivity
Silver Metal
17.20 W/m·K
Rank: 48 (Overall)
13.30 W/m·K
Rank: 58 (Overall)
Neptunium Metal
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13.4 Critical Temperature
Lithium Metal
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Ytterbium Metal
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13.5 Thermal Expansion
Cesium Metal
10.60 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 37 (Overall)
12.70 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 30 (Overall)
Tungsten Metal
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13.6 Enthalpy
13.6.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten Metal
393.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 18 (Overall)
166.40 kJ/mol
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Zinc Metal
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13.6.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten Metal
17.15 kJ/mol
Rank: 16 (Overall)
8.62 kJ/mol
Rank: 40 (Overall)
Cesium Metal
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13.6.3 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten Metal
418.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 18 (Overall)
209.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 43 (Overall)
Mercury Metal
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13.7 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium Me..
44.40 J/mol.K
Rank: 33 (Overall)
69.60 J/mol.K
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Beryllium Metal
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