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Titanium
Titanium

Copper
Copper



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Titanium
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Titanium vs Copper

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1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Ti
Cu
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
4
Rank: 14 (Overall)
11
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Gadolinium
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1.3 Period Number
Uranium
4
Rank: 4 (Overall)
4
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Lithium
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1.4 Block
d block
d block
1.5 Element Family
Transition Metal
Transition Metal
1.6 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7440326
Rank: 49 (Overall)
7440508
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Aluminium
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1.7 Space Group Name
P63/mmc
Fm_ 3m
1.8 Space Group Number
Sodium
194.00
Rank: 5 (Overall)
225.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Plutonium
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2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • The only metal which burns in Nitrogen is Titanium.
  • Titanium is also known as corrosion resistant metal.
  • Copper rarely found in its pure form in nature.
  • Copper Sulfate is mostly used in agricultural poison and as an algicide in water purification system.
2.2 Sources
Found in Minerals, Mining
Found in Minerals
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
W. Gregor & J. Berzelius
Unknown
2.3.2 Discovery
In 1791
In Middle East (9000 BCE)
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
3 * 10-4 %
Rank: 9 (Overall)
6 * 10-6 %
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Thallium
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2.4.2 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~0.0004 %
Rank: 9 (Overall)
~0.00007 %
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.4.3 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
0.05 %
Rank: 11 (Overall)
0.01 %
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Gold
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2.4.4 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
0.66 %
Rank: 7 (Overall)
0.01 %
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Radium
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2.4.5 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
0.00 %
Rank: 15 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Protactinium
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2.4.6 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Radium
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3 Uses
3.1 Uses & Benefits
  • Its alloys are used in spacecraft, aircraft and ammunition industry.
  • Its pipes are used in distillation plants, submarines, hulls of big ships, etc.
  • It is use for coinage and bullion.
  • Most of copper element is used in manufacturing electrical and electronic equipments such as wirings and components. It is also used in construction and industrial machine.
3.1.1 Industrial Uses
Aerospace Industry, Automobile Industry, Chemical Industry, Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
Chemical Industry, Electronic Industry
3.1.2 Medical Uses
Dentistry, Surgical Instruments Manufacturing
NA
3.1.3 Other Uses
Alloys, Jewellery, Sculptures, Statues
Alloys, Coinage, Jewellery
3.2 Biological Properties
3.2.1 Toxicity
Non Toxic
Non Toxic
3.2.2 Present in Human Body
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
3.2.3 In Blood
Sodium
0.05 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 16 (Overall)
1.01 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Plutonium
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3.2.4 In Bone
Calcium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
26.00 p.p.m.
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Plutonium
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4 Physical
4.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
1,660.00 °C
Rank: 18 (Overall)
1,084.62 °C
Rank: 40 (Overall)
Francium
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4.2 Boiling Point
Tungsten
3,287.00 °C
Rank: 22 (Overall)
2,562.00 °C
Rank: 43 (Overall)
Flerovium
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4.3 Appearance
4.3.1 Physical State
Solid
Solid
4.3.2 Color
Silvery Gray-White
Copper
4.3.3 Luster
Metallic
NA
4.4 Hardness
4.4.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
6.00
Rank: 6 (Overall)
3.00
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.2 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
716.00 MPa
Rank: 15 (Overall)
235.00 MPa
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.3 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
830.00 MPa
Rank: 14 (Overall)
343.00 MPa
Rank: 28 (Overall)
Palladium
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4.5 Speed of Sound
Technetium
5,090.00 m/s
Rank: 9 (Overall)
3,810.00 m/s
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Thallium
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4.6 Optical Properties
4.6.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
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4.6.2 Reflectivity
Silver
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
90.00 %
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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4.7 Allotropes
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
4.7.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
4.7.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
4.7.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
5 Chemical
5.1 Chemical Formula
Ti
Cu
5.2 Isotopes
5.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
23
Rank: 16 (Overall)
29
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Tennessine
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5.3 Electronegativity
5.3.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
1.54
Rank: 26 (Overall)
1.90
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Francium
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5.3.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
1.09
Rank: 20 (Overall)
1.98
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.3 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
1.32
Rank: 23 (Overall)
1.75
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.4 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
1.49
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.5 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
1.38
Rank: 32 (Overall)
1.85
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.4 Electropositivity
5.4.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
2.46
Rank: 28 (Overall)
2.10
Rank: 42 (Overall)
Gold
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5.5 Ionization Energies
5.5.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
658.80 kJ/mol
Rank: 39 (Overall)
745.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.5.2 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
1,309.80 kJ/mol
Rank: 53 (Overall)
1,957.90 kJ/mol
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Ruthenium
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5.5.3 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
2,652.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 41 (Overall)
3,555.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Osmium
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5.5.4 4th Energy Level
Chromium
4,174.60 kJ/mol
Rank: 32 (Overall)
5,536.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Thorium
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5.5.5 5th Energy Level
Chromium
9,581.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
7,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Dubnium
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5.5.6 6th Energy Level
Chromium
11,533.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
9,900.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Seaborgium
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5.5.7 7th Energy level
Chromium
13,590.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
13,400.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Bohrium
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5.5.8 8th Energy Level
Chromium
16,440.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 8 (Overall)
16,000.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Hassium
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5.5.9 9th Energy Level
Chromium
18,530.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
19,200.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Yttrium
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5.5.10 10th Energy Level
Chromium
20,833.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 15 (Overall)
22,400.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Strontium
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5.5.11 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
25,575.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 14 (Overall)
25,600.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Yttrium
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5.5.12 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
28,125.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 14 (Overall)
35,600.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.13 13th Energy Level
Titanium
76,015.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
38,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.14 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
83,280.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
42,000.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.15 15th Energy Level
Chromium
90,880.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
46,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Manganese
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5.5.16 16th Energy Level
Manganese
100,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 4 (Overall)
50,200.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Iron
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5.5.17 17th Energy Level
Iron
109,100.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
53,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Cobalt
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5.5.18 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
117,800.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
61,100.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Nickel
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5.5.19 19th Energy Level
Nickel
129,900.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 7 (Overall)
64,702.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Copper
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5.5.20 20th Energy Level
Zinc
137,530.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 9 (Overall)
163,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.21 21st Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
174,100.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.22 22nd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
184,900.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.23 23rd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
198,800.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.24 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.25 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.26 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.27 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.28 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.29 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.30 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
1.2 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
0.45 g/amp-hr
Rank: 70 (Overall)
1.19 g/amp-hr
Rank: 53 (Overall)
Beryllium
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1.3 Electron Work Function
Platinum
4.33 eV
Rank: 17 (Overall)
4.65 eV
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Cesium
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1.5 Other Chemical Properties
Chemical Stability, Ionization
Chemical Stability, Corrosion, Ionization, Solubility
2 Atomic
2.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
22
Rank: 84 (Overall)
29
Rank: 78 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.3 Electron Configuration
[Ar] 3d2 4s2
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
2.4 Crystal Structure
Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP)
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
2.4.1 Crystal Lattice
2.5 Atom
2.5.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
22
Rank: 83 (Overall)
29
Rank: 77 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.5.2 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
26
Rank: 62 (Overall)
35
Rank: 58 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.5.4 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
22
Rank: 83 (Overall)
29
Rank: 77 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.6 Radius of an Atom
2.6.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
147.00 pm
Rank: 34 (Overall)
128.00 pm
Rank: 46 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.6.2 Covalent Radius
Francium
160.00 pm
Rank: 30 (Overall)
132.00 pm
Rank: 48 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.7.2 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
200.00 pm
Rank: 28 (Overall)
140.00 pm
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Zinc
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2.8 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
47.87 amu
Rank: 78 (Overall)
63.55 amu
Rank: 72 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.9 Atomic Volume
Cesium
10.64 cm3/mol
Rank: 46 (Overall)
7.10 cm3/mol
Rank: 61 (Overall)
Manganese
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2.11 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
2.11.1 Previous Element
2.11.2 Next Element
2.12 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
95.20 (-eV)
Rank: 10 (Overall)
34.00 (-eV)
Rank: 50 (Overall)
Francium
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3.2 Lattice Constant
Manganese
295.08 pm
Rank: 61 (Overall)
361.49 pm
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Beryllium
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3.4 Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
π/2, π/2, π/2
3.5 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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4 Mechanical
4.1 Density
4.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
4.51 g/cm3
Rank: 70 (Overall)
8.96 g/cm3
Rank: 43 (Overall)
Lithium
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4.1.2 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
4.11 g/cm3
Rank: 49 (Overall)
8.02 g/cm3
Rank: 27 (Overall)
Lithium
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4.2 Tensile Strength
Iron
434.00 MPa
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Indium
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4.3 Viscosity
Mercury
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
4.4 Vapor Pressure
4.4.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
1.53 (Pa)
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Cerium
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4.4.3 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
0.98 (Pa)
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
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4.5 Elasticity properties
4.5.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
44.00 GPa
Rank: 17 (Overall)
48.00 GPa
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Potassium
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4.5.2 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
110.00 GPa
Rank: 15 (Overall)
140.00 GPa
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.6.2 Young's Modulus
Iridium
116.00 GPa
Rank: 18 (Overall)
120.00 GPa
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.8 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
0.32
Rank: 12 (Overall)
0.34
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Beryllium
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4.9 Other Mechanical Properties
Ductile
Ductile, Malleable
5 Magnetic
5.1 Magnetic Characteristics
5.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
4.51
Rank: 58 (Overall)
8.89
Rank: 34 (Overall)
Lithium
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5.1.3 Magnetic Ordering
Paramagnetic
Diamagnetic
5.1.4 Permeability
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
1.256629 * 10-6 H/m
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Bismuth
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5.1.5 Susceptibility
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
-9.63 * 10-6
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Bismuth
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5.2 Electrical Properties
5.2.1 Electrical Property
Poor Conductor
Conductor
5.2.2 Resistivity
Mercury
420.00 nΩ·m
Rank: 12 (Overall)
16.78 nΩ·m
Rank: 50 (Overall)
Thallium
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5.3.1 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.02 106/cm Ω
Rank: 42 (Overall)
0.60 106/cm Ω
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Plutonium
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5.3.2 Electron Affinity
Gold
7.60 kJ/mol
Rank: 37 (Overall)
222.80 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Mercury
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6 Thermal
6.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
0.52 J/(kg K)
Rank: 9 (Overall)
0.38 J/(kg K)
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Americium
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7.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
25.06 J/mol·K
Rank: 44 (Overall)
24.44 J/mol·K
Rank: 51 (Overall)
Beryllium
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7.3 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
21.90 W/m·K
Rank: 43 (Overall)
401.00 W/m·K
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Neptunium
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7.4 Critical Temperature
Lithium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Ytterbium
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7.6 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
8.60 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 45 (Overall)
16.50 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Tungsten
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7.7 Enthalpy
7.7.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
429.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 15 (Overall)
283.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Zinc
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7.7.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
15.48 kJ/mol
Rank: 19 (Overall)
7.11 kJ/mol
Rank: 46 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.8.1 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
468.60 kJ/mol
Rank: 15 (Overall)
338.90 kJ/mol
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Mercury
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7.10 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
27.30 J/mol.K
Rank: 56 (Overall)
33.20 J/mol.K
Rank: 45 (Overall)
Beryllium
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