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Lithium
Lithium




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What is Lithium?

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1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Li
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
1
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Gadolinium
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1.3 Period Number
Uranium
2
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Lithium
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1.4 Block
s block
1.5 Element Family
Alkali
1.6 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7439932
Rank: 85 (Overall)
Aluminium
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1.7 Space Group Name
Im_ 3m
1.8 Space Group Number
Sodium
229.00
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Plutonium
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2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • Heat capacity of Lithium is very high.
  • Lithium inflammable and highly explosive metal, hence it has to be stored properly.
2.2 Sources
Found in Minerals, Mining
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
Johan August Arfwedson
2.3.2 Discovery
In 1817
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
6 * 10-7 %
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Thallium
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2.4.2 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~0.00017 %
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.4.3 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
0.00 %
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Gold
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2.4.4 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
0.00 %
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Radium
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2.4.5 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
0.00 %
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Protactinium
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2.4.6 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
0.00 %
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Radium
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3 Uses
3.1 Uses & Benefits
  • The main usage of Lithium is manufacturing rechargeable batteries for electronic equipment and gadgets.
  • it is also used in manufacturing non-rechargeable batteries.
3.1.1 Industrial Uses
Aerospace Industry, Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
3.1.2 Medical Uses
NA
3.1.3 Other Uses
Alloys
3.2 Biological Properties
3.2.1 Toxicity
NA
3.2.2 Present in Human Body
83% Alkali Metals Metals have it !
3.2.3 In Blood
Sodium
0.00 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 27 (Overall)
Plutonium
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3.2.4 In Bone
Calcium
1.30 p.p.m.
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Plutonium
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4 Physical
4.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
180.54 °C
Rank: 73 (Overall)
Francium
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4.2 Boiling Point
Tungsten
1,347.00 °C
Rank: 62 (Overall)
Flerovium
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4.3 Appearance
4.3.1 Physical State
Solid
4.3.2 Color
Silvery White
4.3.3 Luster
NA
4.4 Hardness
4.4.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
0.60
Rank: 21 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.2 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
5.00 MPa
Rank: 52 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.3 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Palladium
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4.5 Speed of Sound
Technetium
6,000.00 m/s
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Thallium
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4.6 Optical Properties
4.6.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
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4.6.2 Reflectivity
Silver
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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4.7 Allotropes
No Alkali Metals Metals has it !
4.7.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
4.7.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
4.7.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
5 Chemical
5.1 Chemical Formula
Li
5.2 Isotopes
5.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
8
Rank: 30 (Overall)
Tennessine
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5.3 Electronegativity
5.3.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
0.98
Rank: 46 (Overall)
Francium
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5.3.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
0.89
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.3 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
0.97
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.4 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
0.97
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Cesium
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1.4.2 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
0.91
Rank: 41 (Overall)
Cesium
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1.5 Electropositivity
1.5.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
3.02
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Gold
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1.6 Ionization Energies
1.6.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
520.20 kJ/mol
Rank: 81 (Overall)
Cesium
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1.6.3 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
7,298.10 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Ruthenium
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1.6.4 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
11,815.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Osmium
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1.6.6 4th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Thorium
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1.6.8 5th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Dubnium
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1.6.9 6th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Seaborgium
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1.6.10 7th Energy level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bohrium
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1.6.11 8th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Hassium
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1.6.12 9th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
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1.6.13 10th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Strontium
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1.6.14 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
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1.6.15 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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1.6.16 13th Energy Level
Titanium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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1.6.17 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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1.6.18 15th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese
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1.6.19 16th Energy Level
Manganese
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Iron
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1.6.20 17th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt
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1.6.21 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nickel
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1.6.22 19th Energy Level
Nickel
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Copper
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1.6.23 20th Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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1.6.24 21st Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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1.6.25 22nd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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1.6.26 23rd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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1.6.27 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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1.6.28 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
1.6.29 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
1.6.30 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
1.6.31 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
1.6.32 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
1.6.33 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
1.7 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
0.26 g/amp-hr
Rank: 75 (Overall)
Beryllium
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1.8 Electron Work Function
Platinum
2.90 eV
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Cesium
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1.9 Other Chemical Properties
Corrosion, Flammable, Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes
2 Atomic
2.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
3
Rank: 92 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.2 Electron Configuration
[He] 2s1
2.3 Crystal Structure
Body Centered Cubic (BCC)
2.3.1 Crystal Lattice
2.4 Atom
2.4.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
3
Rank: 91 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.4.2 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
4
Rank: 68 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.4.3 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
3
Rank: 91 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.5 Radius of an Atom
2.5.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
152.00 pm
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.5.2 Covalent Radius
Francium
128.00 pm
Rank: 50 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.5.3 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
182.00 pm
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Zinc
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2.6 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
6.94 amu
Rank: 86 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.7 Atomic Volume
Cesium
13.10 cm3/mol
Rank: 39 (Overall)
Manganese
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2.8 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
2.8.1 Previous Element
2.8.2 Next Element
2.9 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
19.00 (-eV)
Rank: 60 (Overall)
Francium
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2.10 Lattice Constant
Manganese
351.00 pm
Rank: 42 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.11 Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
2.12 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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3 Mechanical
3.1 Density
3.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
0.53 g/cm3
Rank: 84 (Overall)
Lithium
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3.1.2 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
0.51 g/cm3
Rank: 60 (Overall)
Lithium
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3.2 Tensile Strength
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Indium
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3.3 Viscosity
Mercury
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
3.4 Vapor Pressure
3.4.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
109.00 (Pa)
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Cerium
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3.4.2 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
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3.5 Elasticity properties
3.5.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
4.20 GPa
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Potassium
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3.5.2 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
11.00 GPa
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Cesium
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3.5.3 Young's Modulus
Iridium
4.90 GPa
Rank: 55 (Overall)
Cesium
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3.6 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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3.7 Other Mechanical Properties
NA
4 Magnetic
4.1 Magnetic Characteristics
4.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
0.53
Rank: 70 (Overall)
Lithium
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4.1.2 Magnetic Ordering
Paramagnetic
4.1.3 Permeability
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
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4.1.4 Susceptibility
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
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4.2 Electrical Properties
4.2.1 Electrical Property
Conductor
4.2.2 Resistivity
Mercury
92.80 nΩ·m
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Thallium
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4.2.3 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.11 106/cm Ω
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Plutonium
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4.2.4 Electron Affinity
Gold
59.60 kJ/mol
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Mercury
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5 Thermal
5.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
3.60 J/(kg K)
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Americium
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5.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
24.86 J/mol·K
Rank: 48 (Overall)
Beryllium
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5.3 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
84.80 W/m·K
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Neptunium
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5.4 Critical Temperature
Lithium
3,223.00 K
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Ytterbium
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5.5 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
46.00 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Tungsten
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5.6 Enthalpy
5.6.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
134.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 50 (Overall)
Zinc
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5.6.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
3.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 57 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.6.3 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
160.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 52 (Overall)
Mercury
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5.7 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
29.10 J/mol.K
Rank: 51 (Overall)
Beryllium
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