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Aluminium
Aluminium




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What is Aluminium?

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1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Al
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
13
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Gadolinium
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1.5 Period Number
Uranium
3
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Lithium
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1.6 Block
p block
1.7 Element Family
Post-​Transition
1.8 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7429905
Rank: 92 (Overall)
Aluminium
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1.10 Space Group Name
Fm_ 3m
1.11 Space Group Number
Sodium
225.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Plutonium
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2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • Aluminum’s abundance percentage is more as it is found in more than 260 minerals.
  • Pure Aluminum always reacts with oxygen rapidly.
  • It is a good conductor of heat and electricity and used in transmission lines.
2.2 Sources
By Electrolysis Process, Earth's crust, Mining
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
Hans Christian Oersted
2.3.2 Discovery
In 1825
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
5 * 10-3 %
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Thallium
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3.1.3 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~0.006 %
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Beryllium
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3.1.5 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
0.91 %
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Gold
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3.2.2 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
8.10 %
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Radium
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3.2.5 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
0.00 %
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Protactinium
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3.2.7 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
0.00 %
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Radium
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5 Uses
5.1 Uses & Benefits
  • Aluminum is used in a various products; for example, cans, foils, kitchen utensils, window frames, beer kegs and aero plane parts, automobile parts, etc.
5.1.1 Industrial Uses
Aerospace Industry, Ammunition Industry, Automobile Industry, Chemical Industry, Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
5.1.2 Medical Uses
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Industry, Surgical Instruments Manufacturing
5.1.3 Other Uses
Alloys, Jewellery, Sculptures, Statues
5.2 Biological Properties
5.2.1 Toxicity
Non Toxic
5.2.2 Present in Human Body
70% Post Transition Metals Metals have it !
5.2.3 In Blood
Sodium
0.39 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Plutonium
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5.3.1 In Bone
Calcium
27.00 p.p.m.
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Plutonium
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6 Physical
6.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
660.37 °C
Rank: 60 (Overall)
Francium
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6.2 Boiling Point
Tungsten
2,467.00 °C
Rank: 46 (Overall)
Flerovium
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6.4 Appearance
6.4.1 Physical State
Solid
6.4.2 Color
Silvery Gray
6.4.3 Luster
Metallic
6.5 Hardness
6.5.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
2.75
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.5.2 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
160.00 MPa
Rank: 45 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.6.1 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
160.00 MPa
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Palladium
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6.8 Speed of Sound
Technetium
5,000.00 m/s
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Thallium
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6.9 Optical Properties
6.9.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
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6.9.2 Reflectivity
Silver
71.00 %
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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6.11 Allotropes
20% Post Transition Metals Metals have it !
6.11.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
6.11.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
6.11.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
7 Chemical
7.1 Chemical Formula
Al
7.2 Isotopes
7.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
11
Rank: 27 (Overall)
Tennessine
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7.3 Electronegativity
7.3.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
1.61
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Francium
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7.3.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
1.71
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.3.4 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
1.47
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.3.5 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
1.83
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.3.6 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
1.61
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.4 Electropositivity
7.4.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
2.39
Rank: 32 (Overall)
Gold
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7.5 Ionization Energies
7.5.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
577.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 66 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.5.2 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
1,816.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Ruthenium
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7.5.3 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
2,744.80 kJ/mol
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Osmium
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7.5.4 4th Energy Level
Chromium
11,577.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Thorium
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7.5.5 5th Energy Level
Chromium
14,842.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Dubnium
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7.5.6 6th Energy Level
Chromium
18,379.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Seaborgium
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7.5.7 7th Energy level
Chromium
23,326.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Bohrium
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7.5.8 8th Energy Level
Chromium
27,465.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Hassium
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7.5.9 9th Energy Level
Chromium
31,853.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Yttrium
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7.5.10 10th Energy Level
Chromium
38,473.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Strontium
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7.5.11 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
42,647.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Yttrium
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7.5.12 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.13 13th Energy Level
Titanium
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.14 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.15 15th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese
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7.5.16 16th Energy Level
Manganese
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Iron
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7.5.17 17th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt
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7.5.18 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nickel
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7.5.19 19th Energy Level
Nickel
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Copper
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7.5.20 20th Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.21 21st Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.22 22nd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.23 23rd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.24 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.25 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
7.5.26 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
7.5.27 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
7.5.28 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
7.5.29 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
7.5.30 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
7.6 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
0.34 g/amp-hr
Rank: 72 (Overall)
Beryllium
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7.7 Electron Work Function
Platinum
4.28 eV
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.8 Other Chemical Properties
Chemical Stability, Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes
8 Atomic
8.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
13
Rank: 88 (Overall)
Lithium
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8.2 Electron Configuration
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
8.3 Crystal Structure
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
8.3.1 Crystal Lattice
8.4 Atom
8.4.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
13
Rank: 87 (Overall)
Lithium
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8.4.2 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
14
Rank: 65 (Overall)
Lithium
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8.4.3 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
13
Rank: 87 (Overall)
Lithium
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8.5 Radius of an Atom
8.5.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
143.00 pm
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Beryllium
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8.5.2 Covalent Radius
Francium
121.00 pm
Rank: 53 (Overall)
Beryllium
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8.5.3 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
184.00 pm
Rank: 34 (Overall)
Zinc
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8.6 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
26.98 amu
Rank: 82 (Overall)
Lithium
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8.7 Atomic Volume
Cesium
10.00 cm3/mol
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Manganese
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8.8 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
8.8.1 Previous Element
8.8.2 Next Element
8.9 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
80.70 (-eV)
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Francium
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8.10 Lattice Constant
Manganese
404.95 pm
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Beryllium
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8.11 Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
8.12 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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9 Mechanical
9.1 Density
9.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
2.70 g/cm3
Rank: 74 (Overall)
Lithium
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9.1.2 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
2.38 g/cm3
Rank: 52 (Overall)
Lithium
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9.2 Tensile Strength
Iron
40.00 MPa
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Indium
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9.3 Viscosity
Mercury
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
9.4 Vapor Pressure
9.4.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
0.00 (Pa)
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Cerium
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9.4.2 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
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9.5 Elasticity properties
9.5.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
26.00 GPa
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Potassium
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9.5.2 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
76.00 GPa
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Cesium
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9.5.3 Young's Modulus
Iridium
70.00 GPa
Rank: 28 (Overall)
Cesium
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9.6 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
0.35
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Beryllium
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9.7 Other Mechanical Properties
Ductile, Malleable
10 Magnetic
10.1 Magnetic Characteristics
10.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
2.72
Rank: 62 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.1.2 Magnetic Ordering
Paramagnetic
10.1.3 Permeability
Iron
0.00 H/m
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Bismuth
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10.1.4 Susceptibility
Iron
0.00
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Bismuth
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10.2 Electrical Properties
10.2.1 Electrical Property
Conductor
10.2.2 Resistivity
Mercury
28.20 nΩ·m
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Thallium
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10.2.3 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.38 106/cm Ω
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Plutonium
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10.2.4 Electron Affinity
Gold
42.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Mercury
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11 Thermal
11.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
0.90 J/(kg K)
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Americium
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11.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
24.20 J/mol·K
Rank: 53 (Overall)
Beryllium
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11.3 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
237.00 W/m·K
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Neptunium
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11.4 Critical Temperature
Lithium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Ytterbium
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11.5 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
23.10 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Tungsten
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11.6 Enthalpy
11.6.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
293.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Zinc
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11.6.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
10.67 kJ/mol
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Cesium
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11.6.3 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
322.20 kJ/mol
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Mercury
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11.7 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
28.30 J/mol.K
Rank: 55 (Overall)
Beryllium
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