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Bismuth
Bismuth




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What is Bismuth?

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1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Bi
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
15
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Gadolinium
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1.3 Period Number
Uranium
6
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Lithium
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1.4 Block
p block
1.5 Element Family
Post-​Transition
1.6 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7440699
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Aluminium
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1.7 Space Group Name
C12/m1
1.8 Space Group Number
Sodium
12.00
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Plutonium
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2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • Bismuth metal is soluble and reacts with concentrated nitric acid.
  • It oxides are used as a yellow pigment in paint. Bismuth chloride oxide BiClO gives a pearly texture to cosmetics.
2.2 Sources
Found in Minerals, Mining, Ores of Minerals
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
Claude François Geoffroy
2.3.2 Discovery
In 1753
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
7 * 10-8 %
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Thallium
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2.4.3 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~0.000006 %
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.4.5 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
0.00 %
Rank: 42 (Overall)
Gold
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2.4.6 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
0.00 %
Rank: 51 (Overall)
Radium
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2.4.8 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
0.00 %
Rank: 24 (Overall)
Protactinium
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2.4.10 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Radium
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3 Uses
3.1 Uses & Benefits
  • Tin and bismuth alloys have a very low melting point and hence it is used in fire detector and the fire extinguishers. It also used in electric solders and fuses.
3.1.1 Industrial Uses
Automobile Industry, Chemical Industry, Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
3.1.2 Medical Uses
Pharmaceutical Industry
3.1.3 Other Uses
Alloys
3.2 Biological Properties
3.2.1 Toxicity
Low Toxic
3.2.2 Present in Human Body
70% Post Transition Metals Metals have it !
3.2.3 In Blood
Sodium
0.02 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Plutonium
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3.2.5 In Bone
Calcium
0.20 p.p.m.
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Plutonium
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4 Physical
4.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
271.30 °C
Rank: 70 (Overall)
Francium
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4.2 Boiling Point
Tungsten
1,560.00 °C
Rank: 57 (Overall)
Flerovium
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4.3 Appearance
4.3.1 Physical State
Solid
4.3.2 Color
Silver
4.3.3 Luster
Metallic
4.4 Hardness
4.4.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
2.25
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.3 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
70.00 MPa
Rank: 46 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.5.1 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Palladium
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4.7 Speed of Sound
Technetium
1,790.00 m/s
Rank: 46 (Overall)
Thallium
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5.2 Optical Properties
5.2.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
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5.2.2 Reflectivity
Silver
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.6 Allotropes
20% Post Transition Metals Metals have it !
5.6.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
5.6.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
5.6.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
6 Chemical
6.1 Chemical Formula
Bi
6.2 Isotopes
6.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
33
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Tennessine
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6.3 Electronegativity
6.3.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
2.02
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Francium
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6.3.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
2.34
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.3.4 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
1.67
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.3.5 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
2.15
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.4.2 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
2.01
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.5 Electropositivity
6.5.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
1.98
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Gold
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6.7 Ionization Energies
6.7.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
703.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.8.1 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
1,610.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Ruthenium
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6.10.1 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
2,466.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 48 (Overall)
Osmium
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6.10.2 4th Energy Level
Chromium
4,370.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 28 (Overall)
Thorium
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6.11.1 5th Energy Level
Chromium
5,400.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 30 (Overall)
Dubnium
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6.13.1 6th Energy Level
Chromium
8,520.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Seaborgium
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7.1.2 7th Energy level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bohrium
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7.1.4 8th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Hassium
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7.2.1 9th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
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7.3.1 10th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Strontium
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7.4.2 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
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7.4.4 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.2 13th Energy Level
Titanium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.4 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.6.1 15th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese
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8.1.2 16th Energy Level
Manganese
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Iron
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8.1.5 17th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt
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8.1.6 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nickel
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8.1.8 19th Energy Level
Nickel
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Copper
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8.2.3 20th Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.2.4 21st Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.2.6 22nd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.2.8 23rd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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9.2.1 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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9.4.1 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.5.1 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.6.3 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.6.5 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.6.6 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.7.1 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.8 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
2.60 g/amp-hr
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Beryllium
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9.9 Electron Work Function
Platinum
4.22 eV
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Cesium
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9.10 Other Chemical Properties
Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes, Solubility
10 Atomic
10.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
83
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.2 Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
10.3 Crystal Structure
Rhombohedral (RHO)
10.3.1 Crystal Lattice
10.4 Atom
10.4.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
83
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.4.2 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
126
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.4.3 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
83
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.5 Radius of an Atom
10.5.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
156.00 pm
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Beryllium
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10.5.2 Covalent Radius
Francium
148.00 pm
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Beryllium
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10.5.3 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
207.00 pm
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Zinc
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10.6 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
208.98 amu
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.7 Atomic Volume
Cesium
21.30 cm3/mol
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Manganese
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10.8 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
10.8.1 Previous Element
10.8.2 Next Element
10.9 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
41.90 (-eV)
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Francium
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10.10 Lattice Constant
Manganese
667.40 pm
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Beryllium
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10.11 Lattice Angles
NA
10.12 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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11 Mechanical
11.1 Density
11.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
9.78 g/cm3
Rank: 39 (Overall)
Lithium
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11.1.2 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
10.05 g/cm3
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Lithium
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11.2 Tensile Strength
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Indium
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11.3 Viscosity
Mercury
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
11.4 Vapor Pressure
11.4.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cerium
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11.4.2 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
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11.5 Elasticity properties
11.5.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
12.00 GPa
Rank: 42 (Overall)
Potassium
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11.5.2 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
31.00 GPa
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Cesium
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11.5.3 Young's Modulus
Iridium
32.00 GPa
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Cesium
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11.6 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
0.33
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Beryllium
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11.7 Other Mechanical Properties
NA
12 Magnetic
12.1 Magnetic Characteristics
12.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
9.79
Rank: 30 (Overall)
Lithium
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12.1.2 Magnetic Ordering
Diamagnetic
12.1.3 Permeability
Iron
0.00 H/m
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Bismuth
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12.1.4 Susceptibility
Iron
0.00
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Bismuth
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12.2 Electrical Properties
12.2.1 Electrical Property
Semiconductor
12.2.2 Resistivity
Mercury
1.29 nΩ·m
Rank: 57 (Overall)
Thallium
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12.2.3 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.01 106/cm Ω
Rank: 60 (Overall)
Plutonium
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12.2.4 Electron Affinity
Gold
91.20 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Mercury
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13 Thermal
13.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
0.12 J/(kg K)
Rank: 40 (Overall)
Americium
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13.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
25.52 J/mol·K
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Beryllium
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13.3 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
7.97 W/m·K
Rank: 67 (Overall)
Neptunium
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13.4 Critical Temperature
Lithium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Ytterbium
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13.5 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
13.40 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 28 (Overall)
Tungsten
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13.6 Enthalpy
13.6.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
151.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 46 (Overall)
Zinc
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13.6.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
10.90 kJ/mol
Rank: 33 (Overall)
Cesium
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13.6.3 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
207.10 kJ/mol
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Mercury
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13.7 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
56.70 J/mol.K
Rank: 24 (Overall)
Beryllium
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