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Mercury
Mercury




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What is Mercury?

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1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Hg
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
12
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Gadolinium
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1.3 Period Number
Uranium
6
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Lithium
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1.4 Block
d block
1.5 Element Family
Transition Metal
1.6 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7439976
Rank: 81 (Overall)
Aluminium
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1.7 Space Group Name
R_ 3m
1.8 Space Group Number
Sodium
166.00
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Plutonium
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2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • At room temperature mercury is found in a liquid state.
  • A coin of pound or rupees floats in mercury.
  • Because of its low melting point and boiling point it is used in thermometers.
2.2 Sources
Mining, Ores of Minerals
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
Ancient Chinese and Indians
2.3.2 Discovery
Before 2000 BCE
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Thallium
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2.4.2 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~-9999 %
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.4.3 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Gold
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2.4.4 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
0.05 %
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Radium
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2.4.5 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Protactinium
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2.4.6 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Radium
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3 Uses
3.1 Uses & Benefits
  • It is a liquid metal at room temperature, but it is a toxic heavy metal and hence many uses of mercury are under review or phased out.
  • It is manly used as a catalysts in chemical industry.
3.1.1 Industrial Uses
Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
3.1.2 Medical Uses
Dentistry
3.1.3 Other Uses
Alloys, Mirror Manufacturing, Pharmaceutical Industry
3.2 Biological Properties
3.2.1 Toxicity
Highly Toxic
3.2.2 Present in Human Body
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
3.2.3 In Blood
Sodium
0.01 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Plutonium
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3.2.4 In Bone
Calcium
0.45 p.p.m.
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Plutonium
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4 Physical
4.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Francium
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4.2 Boiling Point
Tungsten
356.58 °C
Rank: 78 (Overall)
Flerovium
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4.3 Appearance
4.3.1 Physical State
Liquid
4.3.2 Color
Silver
4.3.3 Luster
NA
4.4 Hardness
4.4.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.2 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.3 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Palladium
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4.5 Speed of Sound
Technetium
1,451.40 m/s
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Thallium
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4.6 Optical Properties
4.6.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
1.00
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Mercury
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4.6.2 Reflectivity
Silver
73.00 %
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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4.7 Allotropes
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
4.7.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
4.7.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
4.7.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
5 Chemical
5.1 Chemical Formula
Hg
5.2 Isotopes
5.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
34
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Tennessine
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5.3 Electronegativity
5.3.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
2.00
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Francium
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5.3.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
2.20
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.3 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
1.44
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.4 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
1.81
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.5 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
1.44
Rank: 30 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.4 Electropositivity
5.4.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
2.00
Rank: 46 (Overall)
Gold
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5.5 Ionization Energies
5.5.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
1,007.10 kJ/mol
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.5.2 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
1,810.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Ruthenium
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5.5.3 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
3,300.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Osmium
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5.5.4 4th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Thorium
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5.5.5 5th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Dubnium
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5.5.6 6th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Seaborgium
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5.5.7 7th Energy level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bohrium
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5.5.8 8th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Hassium
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5.5.9 9th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
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5.5.10 10th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Strontium
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5.5.11 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
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5.5.12 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.13 13th Energy Level
Titanium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.14 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.15 15th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese
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5.5.16 16th Energy Level
Manganese
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Iron
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5.5.17 17th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt
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5.5.18 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nickel
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5.5.19 19th Energy Level
Nickel
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Copper
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5.5.20 20th Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.21 21st Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.22 22nd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.23 23rd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.24 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.25 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.26 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.27 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.28 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.29 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.30 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.6 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
3.74 g/amp-hr
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Beryllium
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5.7 Electron Work Function
Platinum
4.49 eV
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.8 Other Chemical Properties
Flammability, Ionization, Solubility
6 Atomic
6.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
80
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.2 Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
6.3 Crystal Structure
Rhombohedral (RHO)
6.3.1 Crystal Lattice
6.4 Atom
6.4.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
80
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.4.2 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
121
Rank: 22 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.4.3 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
80
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.5 Radius of an Atom
6.5.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
151.00 pm
Rank: 32 (Overall)
Beryllium
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6.5.2 Covalent Radius
Francium
132.00 pm
Rank: 48 (Overall)
Beryllium
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6.5.3 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
155.00 pm
Rank: 42 (Overall)
Zinc
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6.6 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
200.59 amu
Rank: 32 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.7 Atomic Volume
Cesium
14.82 cm3/mol
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Manganese
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1.5 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
1.5.1 Previous Element
1.5.2 Next Element
1.6 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
28.20 (-eV)
Rank: 54 (Overall)
Francium
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1.7 Lattice Constant
Manganese
300.50 pm
Rank: 59 (Overall)
Beryllium
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1.8 Lattice Angles
NA
1.9 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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2 Mechanical
2.1 Density
2.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
13.53 g/cm3
Rank: 24 (Overall)
Lithium
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2.1.3 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Lithium
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2.2 Tensile Strength
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Indium
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2.3 Viscosity
Mercury
0.00
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Mercury
2.4 Vapor Pressure
2.4.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cerium
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2.4.2 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
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2.5 Elasticity properties
2.5.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Potassium
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2.5.2 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
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2.5.3 Young's Modulus
Iridium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cesium
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2.6 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.7 Other Mechanical Properties
NA
3 Magnetic
3.1 Magnetic Characteristics
3.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
13.53
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Lithium
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3.1.2 Magnetic Ordering
Diamagnetic
3.1.3 Permeability
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
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3.1.4 Susceptibility
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
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3.2 Electrical Properties
3.2.1 Electrical Property
Conductor
3.2.2 Resistivity
Mercury
961.00 nΩ·m
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Thallium
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3.2.3 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.01 106/cm Ω
Rank: 57 (Overall)
Plutonium
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3.2.4 Electron Affinity
Gold
0.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 40 (Overall)
Mercury
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4 Thermal
4.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
0.14 J/(kg K)
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Americium
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4.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
27.98 J/mol·K
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Beryllium
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4.3 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
8.30 W/m·K
Rank: 66 (Overall)
Neptunium
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4.4 Critical Temperature
Lithium
1,750.00 K
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Ytterbium
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4.5 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
60.40 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Tungsten
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4.6 Enthalpy
4.6.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
56.90 kJ/mol
Rank: 59 (Overall)
Zinc
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4.6.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
2.29 kJ/mol
Rank: 61 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.6.3 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
61.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 62 (Overall)
Mercury
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4.7 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
75.80 J/mol.K
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Beryllium
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