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Mercury
Mercury

Silver
Silver



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Mercury
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Mercury vs Silver

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1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Hg
Ag
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
12
Rank: 6 (Overall)
11
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Gadolinium
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1.4 Period Number
Uranium
6
Rank: 2 (Overall)
5
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Lithium
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1.5 Block
d block
d block
1.6 Element Family
Transition Metal
Transition Metal
1.7 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7439976
Rank: 81 (Overall)
7440224
Rank: 58 (Overall)
Aluminium
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1.9 Space Group Name
R_ 3m
Fm_ 3m
1.10 Space Group Number
Sodium
166.00
Rank: 6 (Overall)
225.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Plutonium
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2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • At room temperature mercury is found in a liquid state.
  • A coin of pound or rupees floats in mercury.
  • Because of its low melting point and boiling point it is used in thermometers.
  • It is the most reflective element.
  • Silver is the second most ductile metal after Gold.
  • It is also used in Dentistry as a dental alloys for clips and crowning.
2.2 Sources
Mining, Ores of Minerals
Earth's crust, Found in Minerals, Ores of metals
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
Ancient Chinese and Indians
Unknown
2.3.2 Discovery
Before 2000 BCE
Before 5000 BC
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
6 * 10-8 %
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Thallium
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2.4.2 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~-9999 %
Rank: 100 (Overall)
~0.0000001 %
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.4.4 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Gold
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2.5.2 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
0.05 %
Rank: 9 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Radium
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2.5.3 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Protactinium
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2.5.5 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Radium
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3 Uses
3.1 Uses & Benefits
  • It is a liquid metal at room temperature, but it is a toxic heavy metal and hence many uses of mercury are under review or phased out.
  • It is manly used as a catalysts in chemical industry.
  • Silver is mainly used for Jewelry and show piece.
  • It is used for manufacturing high quality mirrors due to its reflectivity property.
3.1.1 Industrial Uses
Electrical Industry, Electronic Industry
Chemical Industry, Clothing Industry, Electrical Industry
3.1.2 Medical Uses
Dentistry
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Industry
3.1.3 Other Uses
Alloys, Mirror Manufacturing, Pharmaceutical Industry
Alloys, Bullion, Coinage, Jewellery, Sculptures, Statues
3.2 Biological Properties
3.2.1 Toxicity
Highly Toxic
Non Toxic
3.2.2 Present in Human Body
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
3.2.3 In Blood
Sodium
0.01 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 23 (Overall)
0.00 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Plutonium
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4.1.1 In Bone
Calcium
0.45 p.p.m.
Rank: 19 (Overall)
0.44 p.p.m.
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Plutonium
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5 Physical
5.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
961.93 °C
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Francium
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5.3 Boiling Point
Tungsten
356.58 °C
Rank: 78 (Overall)
2,212.00 °C
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Flerovium
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5.4 Appearance
5.4.1 Physical State
Liquid
Solid
5.4.2 Color
Silver
Silvery White
5.4.3 Luster
NA
Metallic
5.5 Hardness
5.5.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
2.50
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.5.3 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
251.00 MPa
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.5.5 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
229.00 MPa
Rank: 30 (Overall)
Palladium
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5.6 Speed of Sound
Technetium
1,451.40 m/s
Rank: 49 (Overall)
2,680.00 m/s
Rank: 34 (Overall)
Thallium
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5.7 Optical Properties
5.7.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
1.00
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
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5.7.3 Reflectivity
Silver
73.00 %
Rank: 8 (Overall)
97.00 %
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.8 Allotropes
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
5.8.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
5.8.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
5.8.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
6 Chemical
6.1 Chemical Formula
Hg
Ag
6.2 Isotopes
6.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
34
Rank: 5 (Overall)
36
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Tennessine
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6.4 Electronegativity
6.4.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
2.00
Rank: 7 (Overall)
1.93
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Francium
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6.5.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
2.20
Rank: 7 (Overall)
1.83
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.5.4 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
1.44
Rank: 17 (Overall)
1.42
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.5.5 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
1.81
Rank: 9 (Overall)
1.47
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.5.7 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
1.44
Rank: 30 (Overall)
1.87
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.6 Electropositivity
6.6.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
2.00
Rank: 46 (Overall)
2.07
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Gold
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6.8 Ionization Energies
6.8.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
1,007.10 kJ/mol
Rank: 4 (Overall)
731.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 27 (Overall)
Cesium
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6.9.1 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
1,810.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 20 (Overall)
2,070.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Ruthenium
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6.9.2 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
3,300.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 20 (Overall)
3,361.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Osmium
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7.1.2 4th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Thorium
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7.1.4 5th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Dubnium
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7.2.2 6th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Seaborgium
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7.2.3 7th Energy level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bohrium
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7.2.5 8th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Hassium
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7.2.6 9th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
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7.3.1 10th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Strontium
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7.4.1 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
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7.5.2 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.3 13th Energy Level
Titanium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.5 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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7.5.7 15th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese
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7.5.8 16th Energy Level
Manganese
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Iron
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7.6.1 17th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt
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8.1.1 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nickel
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8.2.1 19th Energy Level
Nickel
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Copper
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8.3.1 20th Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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8.3.2 21st Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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9.1.1 22nd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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9.1.2 23rd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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9.2.1 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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9.3.1 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.3.2 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.3.3 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.5.1 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.5.2 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.6.2 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
9.7 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
3.74 g/amp-hr
Rank: 10 (Overall)
4.02 g/amp-hr
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Beryllium
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9.8 Electron Work Function
Platinum
4.49 eV
Rank: 15 (Overall)
4.26 eV
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Cesium
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9.9 Other Chemical Properties
Flammability, Ionization, Solubility
Chemical Stability, Ionization, Solubility
10 Atomic
10.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
80
Rank: 36 (Overall)
47
Rank: 65 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.2 Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
10.3 Crystal Structure
Rhombohedral (RHO)
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
10.3.1 Crystal Lattice
10.4 Atom
10.4.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
80
Rank: 36 (Overall)
47
Rank: 64 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.6.2 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
121
Rank: 22 (Overall)
61
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.6.3 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
80
Rank: 36 (Overall)
47
Rank: 64 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.7 Radius of an Atom
10.7.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
151.00 pm
Rank: 32 (Overall)
144.00 pm
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Beryllium
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10.7.2 Covalent Radius
Francium
132.00 pm
Rank: 48 (Overall)
145.00 pm
Rank: 39 (Overall)
Beryllium
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10.7.4 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
155.00 pm
Rank: 42 (Overall)
172.00 pm
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Zinc
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10.8 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
200.59 amu
Rank: 32 (Overall)
107.87 amu
Rank: 59 (Overall)
Lithium
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10.10 Atomic Volume
Cesium
14.82 cm3/mol
Rank: 35 (Overall)
10.30 cm3/mol
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Manganese
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10.13 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
10.13.1 Previous Element
10.13.2 Next Element
10.14 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
28.20 (-eV)
Rank: 54 (Overall)
11.40 (-eV)
Rank: 62 (Overall)
Francium
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10.15 Lattice Constant
Manganese
300.50 pm
Rank: 59 (Overall)
408.53 pm
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Beryllium
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10.16 Lattice Angles
NA
π/2, π/2, π/2
10.17 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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12 Mechanical
12.1 Density
12.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
13.53 g/cm3
Rank: 24 (Overall)
10.49 g/cm3
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Lithium
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12.1.3 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
9.32 g/cm3
Rank: 21 (Overall)
Lithium
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12.2 Tensile Strength
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Indium
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12.3 Viscosity
Mercury
0.00
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
12.5 Vapor Pressure
12.5.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00 (Pa)
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Cerium
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12.5.2 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
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12.6 Elasticity properties
12.6.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
30.00 GPa
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Potassium
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12.6.3 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
100.00 GPa
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Cesium
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12.6.4 Young's Modulus
Iridium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
83.00 GPa
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Cesium
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13.2 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.37
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Beryllium
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13.3 Other Mechanical Properties
NA
Ductile, Malleable
14 Magnetic
14.1 Magnetic Characteristics
14.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
13.53
Rank: 16 (Overall)
10.50
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Lithium
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14.2.1 Magnetic Ordering
Diamagnetic
Diamagnetic
14.2.2 Permeability
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
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14.3.1 Susceptibility
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Bismuth
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14.5 Electrical Properties
14.5.1 Electrical Property
Conductor
Conductor
14.5.2 Resistivity
Mercury
961.00 nΩ·m
Rank: 1 (Overall)
15.87 nΩ·m
Rank: 51 (Overall)
Thallium
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14.5.3 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.01 106/cm Ω
Rank: 57 (Overall)
0.63 106/cm Ω
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Plutonium
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14.6.1 Electron Affinity
Gold
0.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 40 (Overall)
125.60 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Mercury
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15 Thermal
15.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
0.14 J/(kg K)
Rank: 38 (Overall)
0.24 J/(kg K)
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Americium
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15.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
27.98 J/mol·K
Rank: 13 (Overall)
25.35 J/mol·K
Rank: 42 (Overall)
Beryllium
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15.4 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
8.30 W/m·K
Rank: 66 (Overall)
429.00 W/m·K
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Neptunium
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15.5 Critical Temperature
Lithium
1,750.00 K
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Ytterbium
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15.7 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
60.40 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 5 (Overall)
18.90 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Tungsten
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15.8 Enthalpy
15.8.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
56.90 kJ/mol
Rank: 59 (Overall)
255.10 kJ/mol
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Zinc
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15.8.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
2.29 kJ/mol
Rank: 61 (Overall)
11.30 kJ/mol
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Cesium
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15.8.4 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
61.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 62 (Overall)
284.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Mercury
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15.9 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
75.80 J/mol.K
Rank: 6 (Overall)
42.60 J/mol.K
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Beryllium
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