Home
×

Palladium
Palladium

Silver
Silver



ADD
Compare
X
Palladium
X
Silver

Palladium vs Silver

Add ⊕
1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Pd
Ag
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
10
Rank: 8 (Overall)
11
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Gadolinium
ADD ⊕
1.3 Period Number
Uranium
5
Rank: 3 (Overall)
5
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
1.4 Block
d block
d block
1.5 Element Family
Transition Metal
Transition Metal
1.6 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7440053
Rank: 74 (Overall)
7440224
Rank: 58 (Overall)
Aluminium
ADD ⊕
1.7 Space Group Name
Fm_ 3m
Fm_ 3m
1.8 Space Group Number
Sodium
225.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
225.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Plutonium
ADD ⊕
2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • Palladium alloys are used for Jewelry contains (95% Palladium and 5% Ruthenium)
  • In the late 1800s, Palladium metal used have more economical value than the Platinum metal.
  • Palladium element is known as a good catalyst
  • It is the most reflective element.
  • Silver is the second most ductile metal after Gold.
  • It is also used in Dentistry as a dental alloys for clips and crowning.
2.2 Sources
Ores of metals
Earth's crust, Found in Minerals, Ores of metals
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
William Hyde Wollaston
Unknown
2.3.2 Discovery
In 1803
Before 5000 BC
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
2 * 10-7 %
Rank: 22 (Overall)
6 * 10-8 %
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Thallium
ADD ⊕
2.4.2 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~0.0000003 %
Rank: 24 (Overall)
~0.0000001 %
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
2.4.3 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
0.00 %
Rank: 51 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Gold
ADD ⊕
2.4.4 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
0.00 %
Rank: 48 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Radium
ADD ⊕
2.4.5 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Protactinium
ADD ⊕
2.4.6 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Radium
ADD ⊕
3 Uses
3.1 Uses & Benefits
  • Mostly palladium metal is used in catalytic converters. In electronic industry it is used in ceramic capacitors of mobile and computer.
  • It is used in jewellery and dental fillings and crowns.
  • Silver is mainly used for Jewelry and show piece.
  • It is used for manufacturing high quality mirrors due to its reflectivity property.
3.1.1 Industrial Uses
Aerospace Industry, Automobile Industry, Electronic Industry
Chemical Industry, Clothing Industry, Electrical Industry
3.1.2 Medical Uses
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Industry, Surgical Instruments Manufacturing
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Industry
3.1.3 Other Uses
Coinage, Bullion, Jewellery
Alloys, Bullion, Coinage, Jewellery, Sculptures, Statues
3.2 Biological Properties
3.2.1 Toxicity
Toxic
Non Toxic
3.2.2 Present in Human Body
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
3.2.3 In Blood
Sodium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Plutonium
ADD ⊕
3.2.4 In Bone
Calcium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.44 p.p.m.
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Plutonium
ADD ⊕
4 Physical
4.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
1,554.90 °C
Rank: 22 (Overall)
961.93 °C
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Francium
ADD ⊕
4.2 Boiling Point
Tungsten
2,963.00 °C
Rank: 33 (Overall)
2,212.00 °C
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Flerovium
ADD ⊕
4.3 Appearance
4.3.1 Physical State
Solid
Solid
4.3.2 Color
Silver
Silvery White
4.3.3 Luster
Metallic
Metallic
4.4 Hardness
4.4.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
4.75
Rank: 9 (Overall)
2.50
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
4.4.2 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
320.00 MPa
Rank: 33 (Overall)
251.00 MPa
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
4.4.3 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
121.00 MPa
Rank: 36 (Overall)
229.00 MPa
Rank: 30 (Overall)
Palladium
ADD ⊕
1.3 Speed of Sound
Technetium
3,070.00 m/s
Rank: 26 (Overall)
2,680.00 m/s
Rank: 34 (Overall)
Thallium
ADD ⊕
1.5 Optical Properties
1.5.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
1.72
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
ADD ⊕
1.8.1 Reflectivity
Silver
84.00 %
Rank: 4 (Overall)
97.00 %
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
1.9 Allotropes
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
1.10.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
1.10.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
1.11.1 γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
2 Chemical
2.1 Chemical Formula
Pd
Ag
2.2 Isotopes
2.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
38
Rank: 1 (Overall)
36
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Tennessine
ADD ⊕
2.3 Electronegativity
2.3.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
2.20
Rank: 4 (Overall)
1.93
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Francium
ADD ⊕
3.4.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
1.83
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
3.4.4 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
1.35
Rank: 21 (Overall)
1.42
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
3.4.6 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
1.47
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
3.4.8 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
1.59
Rank: 22 (Overall)
1.87
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
3.5 Electropositivity
3.5.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
1.80
Rank: 49 (Overall)
2.07
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Gold
ADD ⊕
3.6 Ionization Energies
3.6.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
520.23 kJ/mol
Rank: 80 (Overall)
731.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 27 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
3.6.3 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
7,298.22 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
2,070.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Ruthenium
ADD ⊕
4.2.4 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
11,815.13 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
3,361.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Osmium
ADD ⊕
4.2.6 4th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Thorium
ADD ⊕
4.2.7 5th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Dubnium
ADD ⊕
5.1.1 6th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Seaborgium
ADD ⊕
5.2.1 7th Energy level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bohrium
ADD ⊕
5.4.2 8th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Hassium
ADD ⊕
5.4.4 9th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
ADD ⊕
5.4.6 10th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Strontium
ADD ⊕
5.4.7 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
ADD ⊕
5.5.1 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
5.6.2 13th Energy Level
Titanium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
5.6.4 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
6.1.1 15th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese
ADD ⊕
6.2.2 16th Energy Level
Manganese
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Iron
ADD ⊕
6.3.2 17th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt
ADD ⊕
6.3.4 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nickel
ADD ⊕
6.3.6 19th Energy Level
Nickel
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Copper
ADD ⊕
6.3.8 20th Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
6.3.10 21st Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
6.4.2 22nd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
6.5.2 23rd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
6.5.4 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
ADD ⊕
6.5.6 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
6.5.7 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
6.5.9 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
6.5.10 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
6.5.12 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
6.5.13 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
6.6 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
1.99 g/amp-hr
Rank: 30 (Overall)
4.02 g/amp-hr
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
6.7 Electron Work Function
Platinum
5.12 eV
Rank: 3 (Overall)
4.26 eV
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
6.8 Other Chemical Properties
Chemical Stability, Corrosion, Ionization, Solubility
Chemical Stability, Ionization, Solubility
7 Atomic
7.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
46
Rank: 66 (Overall)
47
Rank: 65 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
7.2 Electron Configuration
[Kr] 4d10
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
7.3 Crystal Structure
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
7.3.1 Crystal Lattice
7.4 Atom
7.4.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
46
Rank: 65 (Overall)
47
Rank: 64 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
7.4.3 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
60
Rank: 48 (Overall)
61
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
7.4.5 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
46
Rank: 65 (Overall)
47
Rank: 64 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
7.5 Radius of an Atom
7.5.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
137.00 pm
Rank: 40 (Overall)
144.00 pm
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
7.5.3 Covalent Radius
Francium
139.00 pm
Rank: 45 (Overall)
145.00 pm
Rank: 39 (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
7.5.4 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
163.00 pm
Rank: 40 (Overall)
172.00 pm
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Zinc
ADD ⊕
7.6 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
106.42 amu
Rank: 60 (Overall)
107.87 amu
Rank: 59 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
7.7 Atomic Volume
Cesium
8.90 cm3/mol
Rank: 54 (Overall)
10.30 cm3/mol
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Manganese
ADD ⊕
7.8 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
7.8.1 Previous Element
7.8.2 Next Element
7.9 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
33.00 (-eV)
Rank: 51 (Overall)
11.40 (-eV)
Rank: 62 (Overall)
Francium
ADD ⊕
7.10 Lattice Constant
Manganese
389.07 pm
Rank: 25 (Overall)
408.53 pm
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
7.11 Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
π/2, π/2, π/2
7.12 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
8 Mechanical
8.1 Density
8.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
12.02 g/cm3
Rank: 29 (Overall)
10.49 g/cm3
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
8.1.3 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
10.38 g/cm3
Rank: 17 (Overall)
9.32 g/cm3
Rank: 21 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
8.2 Tensile Strength
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Indium
ADD ⊕
8.3 Viscosity
Mercury
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
8.4 Vapor Pressure
8.4.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
0.00 (Pa)
Rank: 27 (Overall)
0.00 (Pa)
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Cerium
ADD ⊕
8.4.3 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
0.00 (Pa)
Rank: 30 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
ADD ⊕
8.5 Elasticity properties
8.5.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
44.00 GPa
Rank: 17 (Overall)
30.00 GPa
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Potassium
ADD ⊕
8.5.3 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
180.00 GPa
Rank: 9 (Overall)
100.00 GPa
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
8.5.5 Young's Modulus
Iridium
121.00 GPa
Rank: 16 (Overall)
83.00 GPa
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
8.6 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
0.39
Rank: 5 (Overall)
0.37
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
8.7 Other Mechanical Properties
Ductile, Malleable, Weldable
Ductile, Malleable
9 Magnetic
9.1 Magnetic Characteristics
9.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
12.02
Rank: 21 (Overall)
10.50
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Lithium
ADD ⊕
9.1.3 Magnetic Ordering
Diamagnetic
Diamagnetic
9.1.4 Permeability
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
ADD ⊕
9.1.7 Susceptibility
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
0.00
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Bismuth
ADD ⊕
9.2 Electrical Properties
9.2.1 Electrical Property
Conductor
Conductor
9.2.2 Resistivity
Mercury
105.40 nΩ·m
Rank: 29 (Overall)
15.87 nΩ·m
Rank: 51 (Overall)
Thallium
ADD ⊕
9.2.4 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.10 106/cm Ω
Rank: 22 (Overall)
0.63 106/cm Ω
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Plutonium
ADD ⊕
9.3.1 Electron Affinity
Gold
54.23 kJ/mol
Rank: 17 (Overall)
125.60 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Mercury
ADD ⊕
10 Thermal
10.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
0.24 J/(kg K)
Rank: 23 (Overall)
0.24 J/(kg K)
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Americium
ADD ⊕
11.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
25.98 J/mol·K
Rank: 33 (Overall)
25.35 J/mol·K
Rank: 42 (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
11.6 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
71.80 W/m·K
Rank: 23 (Overall)
429.00 W/m·K
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Neptunium
ADD ⊕
11.7 Critical Temperature
Lithium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Ytterbium
ADD ⊕
11.8 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
11.80 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 33 (Overall)
18.90 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Tungsten
ADD ⊕
11.9 Enthalpy
11.9.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
376.60 kJ/mol
Rank: 19 (Overall)
255.10 kJ/mol
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Zinc
ADD ⊕
11.10.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
16.74 kJ/mol
Rank: 18 (Overall)
11.30 kJ/mol
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Cesium
ADD ⊕
11.10.4 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
393.30 kJ/mol
Rank: 22 (Overall)
284.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Mercury
ADD ⊕
11.11 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
37.60 J/mol.K
Rank: 40 (Overall)
42.60 J/mol.K
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Beryllium
ADD ⊕
Let Others Know
×