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Magnesium
Magnesium




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What is Magnesium?

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1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Mg
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
2
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Gadolinium
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1.3 Period Number
Uranium
3
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Lithium
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1.4 Block
s block
1.5 Element Family
Alkaline Earth
1.6 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7439954
Rank: 83 (Overall)
Aluminium
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1.7 Space Group Name
P63/mmc
1.8 Space Group Number
Sodium
194.00
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Plutonium
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2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • Magnesium ions are present in every chlorophyll of every green plant .
  • Controlling Magnesium fire by pouring water on it will result in explosions.
2.2 Sources
By Electrolysis Process, In Ocean, Mining
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
Joseph Black
2.3.2 Discovery
In 1755
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
6 * 10-2 %
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Thallium
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2.4.2 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~0.07 %
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.4.3 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
12.00 %
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Gold
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2.4.4 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
2.90 %
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Radium
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2.4.5 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
0.13 %
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Protactinium
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2.4.6 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
0.03 %
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Radium
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3 Uses
3.1 Uses & Benefits
  • Magnesium aluminum alloy improves the mechanical strength and welding characteristics and hence it is used in aeroplane and car manufacturing.
  • It is also used to remove sulfur from the molten iron and steel.
3.1.1 Industrial Uses
Aerospace Industry, Ammunition Industry, Automobile Industry, Chemical Industry, Pharmaceutical Industry
3.1.2 Medical Uses
NA
3.1.3 Other Uses
Surgical Instruments Manufacturing
3.2 Biological Properties
3.2.1 Toxicity
Non Toxic
3.2.2 Present in Human Body
83% Alkaline Earth Metals Metals have it !
3.2.3 In Blood
Sodium
37.80 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Plutonium
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3.2.4 In Bone
Calcium
1,800.00 p.p.m.
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Plutonium
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4 Physical
4.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
650.00 °C
Rank: 61 (Overall)
Francium
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4.2 Boiling Point
Tungsten
1,107.00 °C
Rank: 66 (Overall)
Flerovium
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4.3 Appearance
4.3.1 Physical State
Solid
4.3.2 Color
Gray
4.3.3 Luster
NA
4.4 Hardness
4.4.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
2.50
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.2 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
260.00 MPa
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.3 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Palladium
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4.5 Speed of Sound
Technetium
4,940.00 m/s
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Thallium
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4.6 Optical Properties
4.6.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
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4.6.2 Reflectivity
Silver
74.00 %
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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4.7 Allotropes
No Alkaline Earth Metals Metals has it !
4.7.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
4.7.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
4.7.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
5 Chemical
5.1 Chemical Formula
Mg
5.2 Isotopes
5.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
15
Rank: 24 (Overall)
Tennessine
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5.3 Electronegativity
5.3.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
1.31
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Francium
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5.3.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
1.32
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.3 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
1.23
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.4 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
1.37
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.5 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
1.29
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.4 Electropositivity
5.4.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
2.69
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Gold
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5.5 Ionization Energies
5.5.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
737.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 24 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.5.2 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
1,450.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 42 (Overall)
Ruthenium
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5.5.3 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
7,732.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Osmium
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5.5.4 4th Energy Level
Chromium
10,542.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Thorium
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5.5.5 5th Energy Level
Chromium
13,630.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Dubnium
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5.5.6 6th Energy Level
Chromium
18,020.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Seaborgium
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5.5.7 7th Energy level
Chromium
21,711.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Bohrium
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5.5.8 8th Energy Level
Chromium
25,661.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Hassium
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5.5.9 9th Energy Level
Chromium
31,653.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Yttrium
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5.5.10 10th Energy Level
Chromium
35,458.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Strontium
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5.5.11 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
169,988.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Yttrium
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5.5.12 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
189,368.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.13 13th Energy Level
Titanium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.14 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.15 15th Energy Level
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese
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5.5.16 16th Energy Level
Manganese
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Iron
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5.5.17 17th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt
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5.5.18 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nickel
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5.5.19 19th Energy Level
Nickel
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Copper
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5.5.20 20th Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.21 21st Energy Level
Zinc
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.22 22nd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.23 23rd Energy Level
Copper
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.24 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.25 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.26 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.27 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.28 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.29 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.30 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.6 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
0.45 g/amp-hr
Rank: 69 (Overall)
Beryllium
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5.7 Electron Work Function
Platinum
3.66 eV
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.8 Other Chemical Properties
Corrosion, Highly Inflammable, Ionization, Solubility
6 Atomic
6.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
12
Rank: 89 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.2 Electron Configuration
[Ne] 3s2
6.3 Crystal Structure
Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP)
6.3.1 Crystal Lattice
6.4 Atom
6.4.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
12
Rank: 88 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.4.2 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
12
Rank: 66 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.4.3 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
12
Rank: 88 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.5 Radius of an Atom
6.5.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
160.00 pm
Rank: 27 (Overall)
Beryllium
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6.5.2 Covalent Radius
Francium
141.00 pm
Rank: 43 (Overall)
Beryllium
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6.5.3 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
173.00 pm
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Zinc
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6.6 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
24.31 amu
Rank: 83 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.7 Atomic Volume
Cesium
13.97 cm3/mol
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Manganese
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6.8 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
6.8.1 Previous Element
6.8.2 Next Element
6.9 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
40.00 (-eV)
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Francium
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6.10 Lattice Constant
Manganese
320.94 pm
Rank: 54 (Overall)
Beryllium
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6.11 Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
6.12 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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7 Mechanical
7.1 Density
7.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
1.74 g/cm3
Rank: 79 (Overall)
Lithium
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7.1.2 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
1.58 g/cm3
Rank: 55 (Overall)
Lithium
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7.2 Tensile Strength
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Indium
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7.3 Viscosity
Mercury
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
7.4 Vapor Pressure
7.4.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cerium
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7.4.2 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
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7.5 Elasticity properties
7.5.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
17.00 GPa
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Potassium
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7.5.2 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
45.00 GPa
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.5.3 Young's Modulus
Iridium
45.00 GPa
Rank: 39 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.6 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
0.29
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Beryllium
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7.7 Other Mechanical Properties
NA
8 Magnetic
8.1 Magnetic Characteristics
8.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
1.74
Rank: 66 (Overall)
Lithium
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8.1.2 Magnetic Ordering
Paramagnetic
8.1.3 Permeability
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
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8.1.4 Susceptibility
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
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8.2 Electrical Properties
8.2.1 Electrical Property
Conductor
8.2.2 Resistivity
Mercury
43.90 nΩ·m
Rank: 45 (Overall)
Thallium
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8.2.3 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.23 106/cm Ω
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Plutonium
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8.2.4 Electron Affinity
Gold
0.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 40 (Overall)
Mercury
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9 Thermal
9.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
1.02 J/(kg K)
Rank: 4 (Overall)
Americium
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9.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
24.87 J/mol·K
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Beryllium
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9.3 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
156.00 W/m·K
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Neptunium
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9.4 Critical Temperature
Lithium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Ytterbium
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9.5 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
24.80 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Tungsten
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9.6 Enthalpy
9.6.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
128.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 52 (Overall)
Zinc
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9.6.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
8.95 kJ/mol
Rank: 39 (Overall)
Cesium
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9.6.3 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
148.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 53 (Overall)
Mercury
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9.7 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
32.70 J/mol.K
Rank: 46 (Overall)
Beryllium
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