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Copper
Copper

Silver
Silver



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Copper
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Copper vs Silver

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1 Periodic Table
1.1 Symbol
Cu
Ag
1.2 Group Number
Tennessine
11
Rank: 7 (Overall)
11
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Gadolinium
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1.3 Period Number
Uranium
4
Rank: 4 (Overall)
5
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Lithium
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1.4 Block
d block
d block
1.5 Element Family
Transition Metal
Transition Metal
1.6 CAS Number
Roentgenium
7440508
Rank: 37 (Overall)
7440224
Rank: 58 (Overall)
Aluminium
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1.7 Space Group Name
Fm_ 3m
Fm_ 3m
1.8 Space Group Number
Sodium
225.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
225.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Plutonium
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2 Facts
2.1 Interesting Facts
  • Copper rarely found in its pure form in nature.
  • Copper Sulfate is mostly used in agricultural poison and as an algicide in water purification system.
  • It is the most reflective element.
  • Silver is the second most ductile metal after Gold.
  • It is also used in Dentistry as a dental alloys for clips and crowning.
2.2 Sources
Found in Minerals
Earth's crust, Found in Minerals, Ores of metals
2.3 History
2.3.1 Who Discovered
Unknown
Unknown
2.3.2 Discovery
In Middle East (9000 BCE)
Before 5000 BC
2.4 Abundance
2.4.1 Abundance In Universe
Iron
6 * 10-6 %
Rank: 12 (Overall)
6 * 10-8 %
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Thallium
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2.4.2 Abundance In Sun
Iron
~0.00007 %
Rank: 12 (Overall)
~0.0000001 %
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Beryllium
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2.4.3 Abundance In Meteorites
Iron
0.01 %
Rank: 13 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Gold
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2.4.4 Abundance In Earth's Crust
Aluminium
0.01 %
Rank: 17 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Radium
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2.4.5 Abundance In Oceans
Sodium
0.00 %
Rank: 8 (Overall)
0.00 %
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Protactinium
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2.4.6 Abundance In Humans
Calcium
0.00 %
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Radium
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3 Uses
3.1 Uses & Benefits
  • It is use for coinage and bullion.
  • Most of copper element is used in manufacturing electrical and electronic equipments such as wirings and components. It is also used in construction and industrial machine.
  • Silver is mainly used for Jewelry and show piece.
  • It is used for manufacturing high quality mirrors due to its reflectivity property.
3.1.1 Industrial Uses
Chemical Industry, Electronic Industry
Chemical Industry, Clothing Industry, Electrical Industry
3.1.2 Medical Uses
NA
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Industry
3.1.3 Other Uses
Alloys, Coinage, Jewellery
Alloys, Bullion, Coinage, Jewellery, Sculptures, Statues
3.2 Biological Properties
3.2.1 Toxicity
Non Toxic
Non Toxic
3.2.2 Present in Human Body
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
60% Transition Metals Metals have it !
3.2.3 In Blood
Sodium
1.01 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 8 (Overall)
0.00 Blood/mg dm-3
Rank: 29 (Overall)
Plutonium
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3.2.4 In Bone
Calcium
26.00 p.p.m.
Rank: 12 (Overall)
0.44 p.p.m.
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Plutonium
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4 Physical
4.1 Melting Point
Tungsten
1,084.62 °C
Rank: 40 (Overall)
961.93 °C
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Francium
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4.2 Boiling Point
Tungsten
2,562.00 °C
Rank: 43 (Overall)
2,212.00 °C
Rank: 49 (Overall)
Flerovium
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4.3 Appearance
4.3.1 Physical State
Solid
Solid
4.3.2 Color
Copper
Silvery White
4.3.3 Luster
NA
Metallic
4.4 Hardness
4.4.1 Mohs Hardness
Chromium
3.00
Rank: 12 (Overall)
2.50
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.2 Brinell Hardness
Osmium
235.00 MPa
Rank: 38 (Overall)
251.00 MPa
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Cesium
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4.4.3 Vickers Hardness
Tungsten
343.00 MPa
Rank: 28 (Overall)
229.00 MPa
Rank: 30 (Overall)
Palladium
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4.5 Speed of Sound
Technetium
3,810.00 m/s
Rank: 19 (Overall)
2,680.00 m/s
Rank: 34 (Overall)
Thallium
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4.6 Optical Properties
4.6.1 Refractive Index
Palladium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
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4.6.2 Reflectivity
Silver
90.00 %
Rank: 3 (Overall)
97.00 %
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Molybdenum
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4.7 Allotropes
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
6% Transition Metals Metals have it !
4.7.1 α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
4.7.2 β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
4.7.3 γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
5 Chemical
5.1 Chemical Formula
Cu
Ag
5.2 Isotopes
5.2.1 Known Isotopes
Palladium
29
Rank: 10 (Overall)
36
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Tennessine
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5.3 Electronegativity
5.3.1 Pauling Electronegativity
Gold
1.90
Rank: 11 (Overall)
1.93
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Francium
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5.3.2 Sanderson Electronegativity
Cobalt
1.98
Rank: 9 (Overall)
1.83
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.3 Allred Rochow Electronegativity
Gallium
1.75
Rank: 3 (Overall)
1.42
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.4 Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
Polonium
1.49
Rank: 14 (Overall)
1.47
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.3.5 Allen Electronegativity
Berkelium
1.85
Rank: 9 (Overall)
1.87
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.4 Electropositivity
5.4.1 Pauling Electropositivity
Francium
2.10
Rank: 42 (Overall)
2.07
Rank: 44 (Overall)
Gold
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5.5 Ionization Energies
5.5.1 1st Energy Level
Chromium
745.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 22 (Overall)
731.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 27 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.5.2 2nd Energy Level
Chromium
1,957.90 kJ/mol
Rank: 15 (Overall)
2,070.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Ruthenium
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5.5.3 3rd Energy Level
Chromium
3,555.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 15 (Overall)
3,361.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Osmium
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5.5.4 4th Energy Level
Chromium
5,536.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Thorium
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5.5.5 5th Energy Level
Chromium
7,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Dubnium
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5.5.6 6th Energy Level
Chromium
9,900.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Seaborgium
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5.5.7 7th Energy level
Chromium
13,400.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bohrium
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5.5.8 8th Energy Level
Chromium
16,000.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Hassium
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5.5.9 9th Energy Level
Chromium
19,200.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
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5.5.10 10th Energy Level
Chromium
22,400.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Strontium
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5.5.11 11th Energy Level
Magnesium
25,600.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Yttrium
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5.5.12 12th Energy Level
Magnesium
35,600.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.13 13th Energy Level
Titanium
38,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.14 14th Energy Level
Vanadium
42,000.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.15 15th Energy Level
Chromium
46,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Manganese
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5.5.16 16th Energy Level
Manganese
50,200.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Iron
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5.5.17 17th Energy Level
Iron
53,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Cobalt
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5.5.18 18th Energy Level
Cobalt
61,100.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Nickel
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5.5.19 19th Energy Level
Nickel
64,702.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Copper
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5.5.20 20th Energy Level
Zinc
163,700.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.21 21st Energy Level
Zinc
174,100.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.22 22nd Energy Level
Copper
184,900.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.23 23rd Energy Level
Copper
198,800.00 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.24 24th Energy Level
Iron
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
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5.5.25 25th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.26 26th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.27 27th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.28 28th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.29 29th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: 100 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.5.30 30th Energy Level
Molybdenum
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Molybdenum
5.6 Electrochemical Equivalent
Francium
1.19 g/amp-hr
Rank: 53 (Overall)
4.02 g/amp-hr
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Beryllium
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5.7 Electron Work Function
Platinum
4.65 eV
Rank: 11 (Overall)
4.26 eV
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Cesium
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5.8 Other Chemical Properties
Chemical Stability, Corrosion, Ionization, Solubility
Chemical Stability, Ionization, Solubility
6 Atomic
6.1 Atomic Number
Tennessine
29
Rank: 78 (Overall)
47
Rank: 65 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.2 Electron Configuration
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
6.3 Crystal Structure
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
6.3.1 Crystal Lattice
6.4 Atom
6.4.1 Number of Protons
Tennessine
29
Rank: 77 (Overall)
47
Rank: 64 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.4.2 Number of Neutrons
Flerovium
35
Rank: 58 (Overall)
61
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.4.3 Number of Electrons
Tennessine
29
Rank: 77 (Overall)
47
Rank: 64 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.5 Radius of an Atom
6.5.1 Atomic Radius
Cesium
128.00 pm
Rank: 46 (Overall)
144.00 pm
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Beryllium
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6.5.2 Covalent Radius
Francium
132.00 pm
Rank: 48 (Overall)
145.00 pm
Rank: 39 (Overall)
Beryllium
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6.5.3 Van der Waals Radius
Francium
140.00 pm
Rank: 44 (Overall)
172.00 pm
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Zinc
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6.6 Atomic Weight
Tennessine
63.55 amu
Rank: 72 (Overall)
107.87 amu
Rank: 59 (Overall)
Lithium
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6.7 Atomic Volume
Cesium
7.10 cm3/mol
Rank: 61 (Overall)
10.30 cm3/mol
Rank: 47 (Overall)
Manganese
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6.8 Adjacent Atomic Numbers
6.8.1 Previous Element
6.8.2 Next Element
6.9 Valence Electron Potential
Platinum
34.00 (-eV)
Rank: 50 (Overall)
11.40 (-eV)
Rank: 62 (Overall)
Francium
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6.10 Lattice Constant
Manganese
361.49 pm
Rank: 35 (Overall)
408.53 pm
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Beryllium
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6.11 Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
π/2, π/2, π/2
6.12 Lattice C/A Ratio
Cadmium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Beryllium
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7 Mechanical
7.1 Density
7.1.1 Density At Room Temperature
Hassium
8.96 g/cm3
Rank: 43 (Overall)
10.49 g/cm3
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Lithium
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7.1.2 Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
Osmium
8.02 g/cm3
Rank: 27 (Overall)
9.32 g/cm3
Rank: 21 (Overall)
Lithium
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7.2 Tensile Strength
Iron
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Indium
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7.3 Viscosity
Mercury
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Mercury
7.4 Vapor Pressure
7.4.1 Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
Strontium
1.53 (Pa)
Rank: 8 (Overall)
0.00 (Pa)
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Cerium
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7.4.2 Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
Chromium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Tungsten
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7.5 Elasticity properties
7.5.1 Shear Modulus
Osmium
48.00 GPa
Rank: 15 (Overall)
30.00 GPa
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Potassium
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7.5.2 Bulk Modulus
Osmium
140.00 GPa
Rank: 12 (Overall)
100.00 GPa
Rank: 16 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.5.3 Young's Modulus
Iridium
120.00 GPa
Rank: 17 (Overall)
83.00 GPa
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Cesium
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7.6 Poisson Ratio
Gallium
0.34
Rank: 10 (Overall)
0.37
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Beryllium
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7.7 Other Mechanical Properties
Ductile, Malleable
Ductile, Malleable
8 Magnetic
8.1 Magnetic Characteristics
8.1.1 Specific Gravity
Cobalt
8.89
Rank: 34 (Overall)
10.50
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Lithium
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8.1.2 Magnetic Ordering
Diamagnetic
Diamagnetic
8.1.3 Permeability
Iron
1.256629 * 10-6 H/m
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Bismuth
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8.1.4 Susceptibility
Iron
-9.63 * 10-6
Rank: 4 (Overall)
0.00
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Bismuth
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8.2 Electrical Properties
8.2.1 Electrical Property
Conductor
Conductor
8.2.2 Resistivity
Mercury
16.78 nΩ·m
Rank: 50 (Overall)
15.87 nΩ·m
Rank: 51 (Overall)
Thallium
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8.2.3 Electrical Conductivity
Silver
0.60 106/cm Ω
Rank: 2 (Overall)
0.63 106/cm Ω
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Plutonium
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8.2.4 Electron Affinity
Gold
222.80 kJ/mol
Rank: 1 (Overall)
125.60 kJ/mol
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Mercury
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9 Thermal
9.1 Specific Heat
Lithium
0.38 J/(kg K)
Rank: 15 (Overall)
0.24 J/(kg K)
Rank: 25 (Overall)
Americium
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9.2 Molar Heat Capacity
Americium
24.44 J/mol·K
Rank: 51 (Overall)
25.35 J/mol·K
Rank: 42 (Overall)
Beryllium
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9.3 Thermal Conductivity
Silver
401.00 W/m·K
Rank: 2 (Overall)
429.00 W/m·K
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Neptunium
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9.4 Critical Temperature
Lithium
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Ytterbium
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9.5 Thermal Expansion
Cesium
16.50 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 25 (Overall)
18.90 µm/(m·K)
Rank: 23 (Overall)
Tungsten
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9.6 Enthalpy
9.6.1 Enthalpy of Vaporization
Tungsten
283.70 kJ/mol
Rank: 33 (Overall)
255.10 kJ/mol
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Zinc
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9.6.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Tungsten
7.11 kJ/mol
Rank: 46 (Overall)
11.30 kJ/mol
Rank: 31 (Overall)
Cesium
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9.6.3 Enthalpy of Atomization
Tungsten
338.90 kJ/mol
Rank: 29 (Overall)
284.50 kJ/mol
Rank: 37 (Overall)
Mercury
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9.7 Standard Molar Entropy
Protactinium
33.20 J/mol.K
Rank: 45 (Overall)
42.60 J/mol.K
Rank: 35 (Overall)
Beryllium
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