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Atomic Structure of Bismuth

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Atomic Properties of Bismuth

Atomic Number

Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3

Crystal Structure
Rhombohedral (RHO)

Crystal Lattice

Atom of Bismuth

Number of Protons

Number of Neutrons

Number of Electrons

Radius of an Atom

Atomic Radius
156.00 pm

Covalent Radius
148.00 pm

Van der Waals Radius
207.00 pm

Atomic Weight
208.98 amu

Atomic Volume
21.30 cm3/mol

Adjacent Atomic Numbers

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Valence Electron Potential
41.90 (-eV)

Lattice Constant
667.40 pm

Lattice Angles

Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available

Bismuth Atomic Structure

Bismuth atomic structure provides properties of its atom. Atomic structure of Bismuth includes atomic number, atomic weight, electron configuration, atomic radius, etc. The atom or the nucleus of this metal consists of 83 protons, 126 neutrons and 83 electrons. Apart from the atomic structure of Bismuth, you can find amazing information and interesting Facts About Bismuth. The lattice constant and lattice Angles, refers to the physical dimension of its unit cells. 3D lattices generally have three lattice constants which are commonly referred as a, b, and c and their respective values are NA and its constat's value is 667.40 pm.

Bismuth Atomic Number

The atomic number of Bismuth is 83. Bismuth atomic number signifies the total number of protons or electrons present inside its atom. Under normal conditions, the number of electrons and protons are equal, making the net charge of an atom return to zero. Atomic structure of Bismuth depends upon the total number of electrons, neutrons and protons present in its nucleus. Atomic number largely determines the atomic size, electronegativity, valency and other such factors. Atomic weight is the weight of the atom as whole, the weight corresponding to all the atomic particles. The atomic weight of Bismuth is 208.98 amu whereas its volume is 21.30 cm3/mol. Atomic radius of Bismuth is 156.00 pm and its covalent radius is 148.00 pm.

Bismuth Electron Configuration

Bismuth electron configuration explains the electron distribution in different orbits of the atom. The electron configuration plays a significant role in determining the position of Bismuth In Periodic Table. The electron configuration of Bismuth is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3. The value of valence electron potential of this element is 41.90 (-eV). It is calculated using (-eV)= kn/r equation.

Crystal Structure of Bismuth

Crystal structure of Bismuth plays an important role in determining the other Physical Properties of Bismuth. Its crystal structure shows the unique arrangement of atoms inside a crystal which helps in deconding the atomic structure of Bismuth metal. Bismuth crystal structure is Rhombohedral (RHO). Rhombohedral crystal lattice structure comes under trigonal crystal structure. The Rhombohedral crystal structure is a term associated trigonal crystal structure with the rhombohedral lattice. All these atomic properties of Bismuth are related to its atomic structure.